10 to 11 March

Justice for Free Expression in 2014

  • 9:00am-6:30pm EST
  • Faculty Room, Low Library
    Columbia University
    New York, NY

The Justice for Free Expression conference focused on the jurisprudence on freedom of expression in 2014 around the world. Participants from over 40 countries have analyzed key decisions, compared national and regional trends, and identified the cases to watch for in 2015. The Conference closed with a ceremony for the first Columbia Global Freedom of Expression Prizes awarded for the best legal decision and the best legal service to FoE in 2014.

See below for a list of all conference participants.

Stephen J. Adler

Stephen J. Adler is Editor-in-Chief of Reuters where he is responsible for the team that produces and markets the news – text, photographs, video, insight and commentary – that powers the world’s markets and media, reaching over one billion users a day. Adler joined Thomson Reuters in 2010 as Senior Vice President and Editorial Director of the company’s Professional Division. He was named Editor-in-Chief, Reuters News and Executive Vice President News, Thomson Reuters in 2011, and was later named President and Editor-in-Chief, Reuters in December 2012. Under Adler’s leadership, Reuters has received scores of top journalism awards around the world, including Reuters first-ever Pulitzer Prize for text reporting in 2014. Before joining Thomson Reuters, Adler was Editor-in-Chief of BusinessWeek, where, during his five-year tenure, the magazine and its website won more than 100 major journalism awards. Earlier, he spent sixteen years at The Wall Street Journal, managing reporting teams that won three Pulitzer Prizes. A graduate of Harvard College and the Harvard Law School, Adler is author of the book “The Jury: Trial and Error in the American Courtroom,” and was co- editor of the best-selling “Letters of the Century: America 1900—1999” and “Women’s Letters: America from the Revolutionary War to the Present.” Adler serves on the boards of the Thomson Reuters Foundation and the Columbia Journalism Review.

Yaman Akdeniz

Dr. Yaman Akdeniz (LLB, MA, PhD) is a Professor of Law at the Human Rights Law Research Center, Faculty of Law and the Pro Rector for the Istanbul Bilgi University. Between 2001 and 2009, Akdeniz was at the School of Law, University of Leeds. He established Cyber-Rights.Org in the UK. More recently, Akdeniz was appointed as an ‘elected independent expert’ to the Council of Europe Committee of Experts on Rights of Internet Users, and to the Council of Europe Committee of experts on cross-border flow of Internet traffic and Internet freedom. His recent publications include Internet Child Pornography and the Law: National and International Responses and Racism on the Internet. Akdeniz also authored the 2006 Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Office entitled Stocktaking on efforts to combat Racism on the Internet; the 2010 Report of the OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media entitled Turkey and InternetCensorship; and 2011 Report of the OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media entitled Freedom of Expression on the Internet: Study of legal provisions and practices related to freedom of expression, the free flow of information and media pluralism on the Internet in OSCE participating States.

Catherine Anite

Catherine Anite is the Senior Programme Officer, Media, Safety and Protection at ARTICLE 19 Eastern Africa. She previously worked with Danish Refugee Council, Association of Female Lawyers (FIDA) and Uganda Human Rights Commission. Currently, her focus as a human rights advocate is on freedom of expression and the media. From 2012 to 2015 she was Chief Legal Officer at the Human Rights Network for Journalists in Uganda, where she engaged in public interest litigation on free speech issues, represented journalists, pursued policy analysis, and spearheaded national and regional advocacy campaigns on behalf of journalists and other media practitioners. She successfully argued a case which created new jurisprudence on open justice for journalists in Uganda and is at the fore of litigation in the East African Court attempting to decriminalize defamation.  She has served as a senior judge at the International media law moot court at the University of Oxford, and received a Mandela Washington Fellowship from the U.S. State Department in 2014, where she studied civic leadership at the University of Delaware and attended President Obama’s summit for young African leaders in Washington D.C.  In 2016, she was a Legal Fellow at the Centre for Law and Democracy in Canada, and at the International Centre for Not for Profit Law in Washington D.C. She is also a researcher for the Global Freedom of Expression project at Columbia University.

Catherine earned an LLM in International Human Rights Law from Notre Dame University, USA graduating Magna Cum Laude, an LLB with honors from Makerere University, and a Post Graduate Diploma in Legal Practice from the Law Development Centre, Kampala, Uganda.

Galina Arapova

Galina Arapova is director and senior media lawyer of the NGO Mass Media Defence Centre (Russia). She is a trustee of the human rights organization ARTICLE 19; Russian national expert on admissibility of the Council of Europe’s HELP program (Human Rights Education for Legal Professionals); and a member of the International Media Lawyers Association. She undertook post graduate studies at the Institute of the World Economy and International Relations (Russian Academy of Sciences). She graduated from the European Law Institute (Birmingham, UK) in human rights law where she completed a practice program conducted with the Council of Europe. She is a Member of the UNECSO chair on Copyright and Other Intellectual Property Rights at the Institute of International Law and Economics (Moscow). Galina is the author of many publications on Russian media law and international standards in the field of freedom of expression, freedom of information, defamation, and Internet regulation. She is a practicing media lawyer, and has taken a number of cases to the European Court of Human Rights. She has wide experience as a lecturer and trainer on legal issues related to defamation, freedom of expression, freedom of information, and Article 10 of ECHR case law.

Hossam Bahgat

From 2002-2013, Hossam Bahgat was the founding executive director of the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights, where he still remains as chairman.  He recently became an investigative journalist for the independent news service Mada Masr.  A journalist and human rights defender with a background in political science and international human rights law, Hossam is based in Cairo.  He serves as board chair of the International Network for Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ESCR-Net), a member of the board of directors of the Fund for Global Human Rights, and an advisory board member of the Open Society Foundation’s Arab Regional Office and its Justice Initiative.  In 2010, Human Rights Watch awarded Hossam the Allison Des Forges Award for Extraordinary Activism.

Robert Balin

Robert Balin is a partner at Davis Wright Tremaine LLP and Co-Chair of a Media Law Practice Group. He is also an adjunct professor of law at Columbia Law School. Robert represents clients in all aspects of media law, including defamation, privacy, news gathering torts, First Amendment issues, copyright and trademark litigation and contracts. He handles complex litigation for multinational and national corporations, including publishers, broadcasters and new media. Robert’s clients include: 02138 magazine, adidas, Business Week, CNN, Farrar Straus & Giroux, Thomas Friedman, Henry Holt and Company, Random House, Reader’s Digest, St. Martin’s Press, Woman’s World, Yellow Book USA, and Sing Tao Daily. He frequently writes and lectures on media law issues and is a contributor to the Media Law Resource Center’s monthly MediaLawLetter.

Elazar Barkan

Elazar Barkan is a Professor of International and Public Affairs and the Director of the Human Rights Concentration at Columbia’s School of International and Public Affairs and the Director of the Institute for the Study of Human Rights. His research interests focus on human rights and on the role of history in contemporary society and politics and the response to gross historical crimes and injustices. His books include Choreography of Sacred Spaces: State, Religion and Conflict Resolution, (edited book with Karen Barkey, Columbia University Press, 2014) No Return, No Refuge: Rites and Rights in Minority Repatriation (with Howard Adelman, Columbia University Press 2011); The Guilt of Nations: Restitution and Negotiating Historical Injustices (2000); Claiming the Stones/Naming the Bones: Cultural Property and the Negotiation of National and Ethnic Identity, (an edited volume with Ronald Bush, Getty, 2003); and Taking Wrongs Seriously: Apologies and Reconciliation (an edited volume with Alexander Karn, Stanford University Press, 2006).

Jonathan Barzilay

Jonathan Barzilay was named Chief Operating Officer of PBS in 2015. Previously, he served as Director of the Ford Foundation’s Freedom of Expression unit, managing the Foundation’s global work in Media, and Arts and Culture. Jonathan has over 25 years of experience as a leader in network television and online and interactive programming, including senior management positions at ABC, CBS, and Qualcomm’s FLO-TV. Jonathan began his career as an attorney specializing in First Amendment issues. He is a graduate of Harvard University and Columbia Law School.

Lee C. Bollinger

Lee C. Bollinger became the nineteenth President of Columbia University in 2002. A prominent advocate of affirmative action, he played a leading role in the twin Supreme Court cases— Grutter v Bollinger and Gratz v Bollinger—that upheld and clarified the importance of diversity as a compelling justification for affirmative action in higher education.

A leading First Amendment scholar, Bollinger serves on the faculty of Columbia Law School. He is a director of the Washington Post Company and a member of the Pulitzer Prize Board. Bollinger is also a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the American Philosophical Society. Bollinger’s books include: Uninhibited, Robust, and Wide-Open: A Free Press for a New Century; Eternally Vigilant: Free Speech in the Modern Era; Images of a Free Press; and The Tolerant Society: Freedom of Speech and Extremist Speech in America.

He received the National Humanitarian Award from the National Conference for Community and Justice, and the National Equal Justice Award from the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund. After graduating from the University of Oregon and Columbia Law School, Bollinger served as law clerk for Judge Wilfred Feinberg on the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit and for Chief Justice Warren Burger on the United States Supreme Court.

Catalina Botero Marino

Catalina Botero Marino is the Dean of the Faculty of Law of Universidad de Los Andes in Bogotá, Colombia. She was Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights of the Organization of American States from 2008 to October 5, 2014. Catalina Botero is a Colombian attorney who worked as Acting Magistrate and Auxiliary Magistrate in the Constitutional Court of Colombia for 8 years. She acted as an adviser for the Office of the Prosecutor General of the Nation; National Director of the Office for the Promotion of Human Rights in the Office of the People’s Defender of Colombia, and professor and researcher at the Law School of the Universidad de los Andes and other national and international universities. She is the author of several books and essays published in different countries on freedom of expression, constitutional law, international criminal law and transitional justice. She received her law degree in 1988 at the Universidad de los Andes and did postgraduate studies there, as well as in Madrid, Spain, at Universidad Complutense, Universidad Carlos III, and the Center for Constitutional Studies.

Barbora Bukovská

Barbora Bukovská has been ARTICLE 19’s Senior Director for Law and Policy since 2009. She leads on the development of all ARTICLE 19 policies and provides legal oversight and support to legal work across the organization. Barbora has an extensive experience working with various organisations on a range of human rights issues, including protection from discrimination, access to justice, deprivation of liberty, reproductive rights and community development. She also initiated about 50 cases at the European Court of Human Rights on these issues and has published a number of reports and articles on a broad range of human rights. From 2006 to 2008, she was the Legal Director at the Mental Disability Advocacy Centre, an international organization working on the rights of people with disabilities in Europe and Central Asia. She graduated from the Law School of Charles University in Prague and has earned a doctorate degree in law in Slovakia and an LLM degree from Harvard Law School. In 1998 and 1999, she was a visiting scholar at the Columbia University Law School in New York.

Lydia Cacho

Lydia Cacho is a Mexican award wining journalist; author and Human Rights activist specialized in women and children’s rights.  Her ample knowledge has led her to write nine books, from poetry to fiction, nonfiction investigative reporting and a Manual to prevent child abuse, she has published essays on gender issues and a 2014 investigation on the love life of mature Mexicans. Her international best seller on Sex Trafficking, Human Slavery and Child Pornography have been translated into twelve languages and sell in more than thirty countries around the world. She has received notable recognition for traveling around the world investigating Human Rights violations and organized criminal networks

Cacho has developed specialized tools to confront complex problems and search for real solutions using her grassroots experience as an author, an international reporter of Human Rights and as a well recognized founder of shelters for women and children victims of gender violence including sexual violence and Human Trafficking. Her approach to teaching new skills for Peace Journalism and to confront Human Trafficking and slavery around the world has gained her several awards and international prizes.

Lydia´s knowledge of different Law systems, psychology and pedagogy has led her to develop an effective teaching system using all resources including creative writing, narrative listening, art-therapy, techniques to interview children, and reporting organized crime with group collaboration skills. She has received 40 international Human Rights and journalism awards including the Human Rights Watch, Ginetta Sagan Amnesty Award; OXFAM award; IWMF award; CNN Hero; UNESCO- Guillermo Cano freedom of expression award; The Wallemberg Medal; The Tucholsky Award; PEN Canada Award; and World Press International Hero 2010 for the International Press Institute in Vienna.

She is an international Board member of Article 19; Chime for Change Fund; Oasis Foundation and of the House Citlaltepetl for persecuted writers. She has been a member of the jury of the international human rights film festivals in Mexico.

Agnès Callamard

Dr. Agnès Callamard is the Director of Columbia University Global Freedom of Expression, an initiative seeking to advance understanding on freedom of expression global norms, and Special Adviser to the President of Columbia University, first amendment scholar Lee Bollinger.

On August 1, 2016, she was appointed the UN Special Rapporteur on Extra-Judicial summary or arbitrary Executions.

Dr. Agnès Callamard has a distinguished career in human rights and humanitarian work globally. She spent nine years as the Executive Director of ARTICLE 19, the international human rights organization promoting and defending freedom of expression and access to information globally. Under her leadership, ARTICLE 19 reach and reputation flourished earning global recognition for its cutting edge public policy thinking on diverse issues including national security, equality and development. She founded and led HAP International (the Humanitarian Accountability Partnership), which is the first self-regulatory body for humanitarian agencies at the international level. Prior to this, Dr. Callamard was Chef de Cabinet for the Secretary General of Amnesty International (AI) and AI’s Research-Policy Coordinator, leading AI’s policy work and research on women’s human rights.

Agnès has advised senior levels of multilateral organizations and governments around the world and has led human rights investigations in more than 30 countries. She has published broadly in the field of human rights, women’s rights, refugee movements and accountability and holds a PhD in Political Science from the New School for Social Research in New York.

Stewart Chisholm

Stewart Chisholm is an Associate Director with the Open Society Foundations’ Program on Independent Journalism based in London, England, where he oversees the Program’s global portfolio on media policy and freedom of expression. He joined the organization in 2000, working first in Budapest until the Program’s move to London in 2003. He holds a master’s degree from Columbia University in International Affairs with a concentration in International Media and Communications and a certificate in International Human Rights Law from the London School of Economics. He has worked as a researcher for the Committee to Protect Journalists in New York, as well as a journalist with CNNfn and Bloomberg Television in New York. Stewart is fluent in Russian and has worked previously for nearly a decade in Russia on NGO and civil society development initiatives.

Mishi Choudhary

Mishi Choudhary is a technology lawyer, licensed to practice in New York and India with over a decade of experience in the area of intellectual property rights, Open Source licensing, e- commerce, privacy, surveillance, platform liability and user free expression. She has been involved in a number of court cases and other efforts around protection of online free speech and expression; privacy; surveillance and software patents in India. She is the Founding Executive Director of SFLC.in, India, a legal services organization based out of New Delhi that brings together lawyers, policy analysts, technologists, and students to protect freedom in the digital world. At SFLC.in, she focuses her work on promotion of innovation and open access to knowledge by helping developers make great Free and Open Source Software, protect privacy and civil liberties for citizens in the digital world, educate policy makers to reach informed decisions on the use and adoption of technology. She is also the Legal Director at Software Freedom Law Center, New York that provides pro-bono legal services to developers of Free, Libre, and Open Source Software. Mishi has a Masters degree in Law from Columbia University in the City of New York, a Legum Baccalaureus (LL.B.) degree with Honors and a Bachelors degree in Political Science from the University of Delhi.

Sarah Cleveland

Professor Sarah Cleveland is a noted expert in international and comparative human rights law. In 2014, she was nominated by the United States and elected to serve a four-year term as an independent expert on the U.N. Human Rights Committee. She is the Co-Coordinating Reporter of the American Law Institute’s project on the Restatement (Fourth) of the Foreign Relations Law of the United States, and the U.S. Member on the Venice Commission of the Council of Europe. From 2009 to 2011, Cleveland served as the Counselor on International Law to the Legal Adviser at the U.S. Department of State, where she supervised the office’s legal work relating to the law of war, counterterrorism, and Afghanistan and Pakistan, and assisted with its international human rights and international justice work. She continues to serve as a member of the Secretary of State’s Advisory Committee on International Law and is a member of the Executive Council of the American Society of International Law, and a Council Member of the International Bar Association’s Human Rights Institute. A former Rhodes Scholar, Cleveland holds a baccalaureate degree from Brown University, a master’s degree from Oxford University and a J.D. from Yale Law School. She clerked for U.S. Supreme Court Justice Harry Blackmun and Judge Louis Oberdorfer on the United States District Court for the District of Columbia. Before joining the Columbia Law School faculty in 2007, she previously taught at the Harvard, Michigan, and University of Texas law schools and at Oxford University. Cleveland has written widely on issues of international law, human rights, and U.S. foreign relations law, including co-authoring Louis Henkin’s Human Rights casebook (2nd ed. 2009 and update 2013).

Amal Clooney

Amal Clooney is a barrister who specializes in international law and human rights. She represents clients before international courts, including the International Criminal Court, the International Court of Justice, and the European Court of Human Rights. Alongside court work, she provides advice to governments and individuals on legal issues in her areas of expertise.

Mrs. Clooney served as a senior advisor to Kofi Annan when he was the UN’s Envoy on Syria. She also served as Counsel to the UN Inquiry on the use of armed drones led by the Special Rapporteur on Counter-Terrorism and Human Rights. She is a member of the UK’s team of experts on preventing sexual violence in conflict zones. And, she was recently appointed to the UK Attorney General’s expert panel set up to advise and represent the UK government in cases involving public international law.

Prior to joining the London Bar, Mrs. Clooney worked in The Hague with various UN- sponsored justice mechanisms, including the International Court of Justice, the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon. She is also admitted to the New York Bar and practiced as a litigation attorney at Sullivan & Cromwell LLP in New York. She speaks English, French, and Arabic.

Sandra Coliver

Sandra Coliver is Senior Legal Officer for Freedom of Information and Expression at the Open Society Justice Initiative, an operational arm of the Open Society Foundations. Previously, she managed or participated in human rights and rule of law programs around the world, including with the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, the OSCE, and Article 19. She coordinated the drafting of the Tshwane Principles on National Security and Right to Information (2013), helped develop the Johannesburg Principles on National Security, FOE and Access to Information (1995), and wrote a commentary and edited a book on that theme (published by Martinus Nijhoff); wrote a Handbook on FOE Best Law and Practice; edited a book on hate speech laws and practice in more than two dozen countries; and co-authored two other books on freedom of expression and information issues. She has submitted several interventions to the European and Inter-American Human Rights systems, and contributed to the UN Human Rights Committee’s General Comment on Article 19. She served on the Faculty of the Summer Program on International Human Rights and Humanitarian Law at AU Washington College of Law, and taught at the University of California, Berkeley Law School.

Ann Cooper

Ann Cooper is an award-winning journalist and foreign correspondent with more than 25 years of radio and print reporting experience. Before joining Columbia Journalism School’s faculty in 2006, she was executive director of the Committee to Protect Journalists for eight years, following a career on National Public Radio’s foreign staff. Appointed as NPR’s first Moscow bureau chief in 1987, Cooper covered the tumultuous events of the final years of Soviet communism. She co-edited a book, “Russia at the Barricades,” about the August 1991 failed coup attempt in Moscow. From 1992 to 1995 Cooper was NPR’s bureau chief in Johannesburg, and she later covered the United Nations for NPR. She has been an Edward R. Murrow fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations and the James H. Ottaway Sr. Visiting Professor of Journalism at State University of New York in New Paltz. Cooper is a journalism graduate of Iowa State University (ISU), which has honored her with the James W. Schwartz award for service to journalism and the Alumni Merit Award, given “for outstanding contributions to human welfare that transcend purely professional accomplishments and bring honor to the university.

Bertrand de la Chapelle

The Internet & Jurisdiction Project, launched in 2012, is a global multi-stakeholder dialogue process to establish a transnational due process framework for the Internet, in order to handle the tension between its cross-border nature and the diversity of national jurisdictions. Bertrand was previously a Director on the ICANN Board (2010-2013), France’s Thematic Ambassador and Special Envoy for the Information Society (2006-2010) and an active participant in the WSIS process (2002-2005). A determined promoter and implementer of multi-stakeholder governance processes for more than 15 years, he builds upon his experience as a diplomat, a civil society actor but also a tech entrepreneur, as co-founder and president of Virtools (1994- 1998), a pioneer provider of virtual reality development environment, acquired in 2005 by Dassault Systèmes. Bertrand is a graduate of Ecole Polytechnique (1978), Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Paris (1983), and Ecole Nationale d’Administration (1986).

Sheila Coronel

Sheila S. Coronel is director of the Stabile Center for Investigative Journalism and is Stabile professor of professional practice at Columbia University in New York. She began her reporting career in the Philippines, and in 1989, cofounded the Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism to promote investigative reporting on major social issues, including the military, poverty, and corruption. She is the author and editor of more than a dozen books, including Coups, Cults & Cannibals, The Rule-makers: How the Wealthy and Well-Born Dominate Congress, and Pork and other Perks: Corruption and Governance in the Philippines. She has received numerous awards for her work, including the Ramon Magsaysay Award for Journalism in 2003. In 2011, she was awarded the Presidential Teaching Award by Columbia University.

Agustina Del Campo

Agustina Del Campo, LL.M., Esq. is the Director at the Center for Studies on Freedom of Expression and Access to Information (CELE) at Universidad de Palermo and an international human rights consultant. Ms. Del Campo has a law degree from Universidad Catolica Argentina and an LL.M. in International Legal Studies from American University Washington College of Law. She previously ran the Impact Litigation Project at AU WCL where she coordinated the research and litigation of several freedom of expression cases before the Inter-American Commission and Court on Human Rights. Agustina has extensive experience in human rights training, particularly as it relates to freedom of expression and the press in the Inter-American human rights system. She taught and lectured in several Latin American countries and the U.S. Additionally, Agustina has authored and/or contributed to over a dozen publications.

Mamadou Diouf

Mamadou Diouf is the Leitner Family Professor of African Studies and the Director of Columbia University’s Institute for African Studies. He holds a Ph.D. from the University of Paris- Sorbonne. Before joining the faculty at Columbia University, he was the Charles D. Moody Jr. Collegiate Professor of History and African American Studies at the University of Michigan, from 2000 to 2007. Before that, he was Head of the Research, Information, and Documentation Department of the Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA) and faculty member of the History Department of Cheikh Anta Diop University in Dakar, Senegal. His research interests include urban, political, social and intellectual history in colonial and postcolonial Africa. His publications include: Tolerance, Democracy, and Sufis in Senegal [ed. 2013], New Perspectives on Islam in Senegal: Conversion, Migration, Wealth, and Power (with Mara A. Leichtman) [2009], La Construction de l’Etat au Sénégal (with M. C. Diop & D. Cruise O’Brien) [2002], Histoire du Sénégal: Le Modèle Islamo-Wolof et ses Périphéries [2001], Histoires et Identités dans la Caraïbe. Trajectoires Plurielles (with Ulbe Bosma) [2004]; Les Jeunes, Hantise de l’espace public dans les sociétés du sud? (with R. Collignon) [2001] ; Les figures du politique : Des pouvoirs hérités aux pouvoirs élus (with M. C. Diop) [1999] ; L’Historiographie indienne en débat. Sur le nationalisme, le colonialisme et les sociétés postcoloniales (edited) [1999] ; Academic Freedom and Social Responsibility of the Intellectuals in Africa (with Mahmood Mamdani) [1994]; Le Sénégal sous Abdou Diouf (with M.C. Diop) [1990]; La Kajoor au XIXe siècle : Pouvoir Ceddo et Conquête Coloniale [1990].

H. R. Dipendra

H.R. Dipendra is a lawyer practising in Kuala Lumpur. His practice includes protecting and promoting media defence and freedom of expression within the Southeast Asia region. Dipendra is involved in projects including training of lawyers and media activists in the Southeast Asian region and has participated in trial observer missions and other case interventions. In addition, Dipendra is currently the Chairman of the Kuala Lumpur State Bar Committee, the largest State Bar in Peninsula Malaysia with approximately 7,300 lawyers. He also chairs the Professional Standards and Development Committee at the Malaysian Bar Council and the Civil Practice Committee at the Kuala Lumpur Bar Committee. Dipendra is also a member of the Malaysian Bar Council Human Rights Committee. Dipendra was admitted to the Malaysian Bar in 2000 and is the managing partner of Messrs Arianti Dipendra Jeremiah. He holds a LLB from the University of London and graduated with a LLM (merit) from the London School of Economics and Political Science in 1999.

Michael W. Doyle

Michael W. Doyle is the Director of the Columbia Global Policy Initiative and the Harold Brown Professor of International Affairs, Law and Political Science at Columbia University. His current research focuses on international law and international relations. His major publications include Ways of War and Peace (W.W. Norton); Empires (Cornell University Press); Making War and Building Peace (Princeton Press); Striking First: Preemption and Prevention in International Conflict (Princeton Press); and The Question of Intervention: J.S. Mill and the Responsibility to Protect (Yale University Press, forthcoming 2014). He served as Assistant Secretary-General for Policy Planning and Special Adviser to United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan where his responsibilities included strategic planning (the “Millennium Development Goals”), outreach to the international corporate sector (the “Global Compact’) and relations with Washington. He also served as an individual member and the chair of the UN Democracy Fund from 2006 through 2013.

Matt Duffy

Dr. Matt J. Duffy researches Arab communication regulations. He’s published a book on media laws of the United Arab Emirates and has written about legal speech restraints in Arab countries for the Berkley Journal of Middle Eastern and Islamic Law. He currently teaches journalism at Berry College in Rome, Ga., and serves on the board of directors for the Arab-US Association for Communication Educators.

Steven M. Ellis

Steven M. Ellis is director of advocacy and communications for the Vienna-based International Press Institute (IPI), the world’s oldest global press freedom organisation, and he previously served as IPI’s senior press freedom adviser, focusing on Europe and North America. Before joining IPI, he was a reporter for daily newspaper The Metropolitan News-Enterprise, covering appellate courts and the legal community in Los Angeles. He graduated magna cum laude from the Michigan State University College of Law and is a licensed attorney in Illinois and in Michigan, where he practiced law after serving as a legal clerk in the Office of Executive Counsel to the Governor of Michigan. He also previously worked in public and government relations.

Alicia Evangelides

Alicia Evangelides is the Assistant Director of the Columbia Global Policy Initiative, an international affairs academic think tank at Columbia University directed by Dr. Michael W. Doyle. In this capacity, she explores research and policy opportunities for the Initiative. She prepares reports and publications based on research findings, policy developments, and emerging issues. She also investigates funding opportunities for the Initiative and manages its grant-making activities. She also worked as a research assistant for Dr. Doyle. Along with two other researchers, she provided research assistance for a policy memo co-authored by Dr. Doyle and Dr. Joseph E. Stiglitz on the political, social, and economic effects of extreme inequalities. This memo was published in the Spring 2014 issue of the Carnegie Council’s journal, Ethics & International Affairs, and a revised version was published in the Ministers Reference Book: Commonwealth 2015. Alicia has a Master of International Affairs degree in Human Rights and Advanced Policy and Economic Analysis from Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA), and a Bachelor of Arts degree in International Relations and Spanish from Tufts University.

Kai Falkenberg

Kai Falkenberg is a Visiting Professor from Practice at Cardozo Law School where she teaches Media Law and a Lecturer in Law at Columbia where she teaches Law and Social Media. Professor Falkenberg’s teaching and research interests focus on information law in the media, internet and health care industries. Before joining Cardozo, Professor Falkenberg was the Editorial Counsel at Forbes where she handled all legal issues relating to the editorial content of Forbes’ print and online publications. She has litigated dozens of international and domestic media-law related matters many of which involved digital media and issues relating to online intermediary liability. While at Forbes, Professor Falkenberg appeared regularly as a commentator on the Forbes on Fox program on Fox News. She has published numerous articles on legal, health and other policy-related issues for Forbes and other publications and her investigative pieces have been cited in federal judicial opinions and nominated for national journalism awards. In addition to teaching and writing, Professor Falkenberg acts as legal advisor for a number of online media companies. Before going in-house, Professor Falkenberg practiced media law at Davis Wright Tremaine where she represented national newspapers, magazines, broadcast networks and book publishers. She began her legal career as a law clerk for Judge A. Raymond Randolph of the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals and for several years was a litigator at Wachtell Lipton Rosen & Katz. Professor Falkenberg is a magna cum laude graduate of Dartmouth College and earned her J.D. from Columbia Law School, where she was a James Kent scholar and Senior Editor of the Columbia Law Review.

Ona Flores

Ona Flores is a senior attorney at the OAS Office of the Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression. She is a lawyer from Venezuela and holds a Master of Laws (LL.M) from Columbia University Law School (2007), where she was a Fulbright fellow and Harlan Fiske Stone Scholar. She worked as an attorney at the Inter-American Court of Human Rights for six years and worked as a researcher and program coordinator at the Center for Human Rights of the Universidad de Chile.

Annie Game

Annie Game is the Executive Director of IFEX, a global network that defends and promotes freedom of expression and information as a fundamental human right. IFEX.org is a smart hub for free expression news, information and resources contributed by 95 IFEX member organizations spanning 60 countries bringing together a range of international and local free expression groups, enhancing understanding of the issues and creating opportunities for advocacy work.

Ricardo Gandour

Since 2006 Ricardo Gandour is the executive editor of Brazilian daily newspaper “O Estado de S.Paulo” and the Chief Content Officer of Estado Group, which includes print, digital and radio platforms. Gandour holds a Bachelor in Journalism (Cásper Líbero Foundation, Brazil) and Civil Engineering (São Paulo University, Brazil). He attended to professional programs in Publishing (Stanford University, USA), Business Administration (Getulio Vargas Foundation, Brazil) and Avanced Management (Insead, France). After having worked as an engineer (1985-1987) and business consultant at PriceWaterhouseCoopers (1987-1989), he started his career as a journalist at the daily “Folha de S.Paulo”, where he worked as a reporter, editor, senior-editor, and deputy director and founded PubliFolha, a publishing house. At Editora Globo, he managed the book division and the weekly magazine “Época”. From 2002 to 2006 he was the general director of “Diário de S.Paulo”, a metropolitan daily newspaper. Gandour also collaborated as a visitant professor of journalism at São Paulo University and Casper Líbero Foundation. He is currently the Editorial Committee Director of ANJ (Brazilian Association of Newspapers), member of the Latin American board of WAN-IFRA (World Association of News Publishers) and member of the advisory board of the NGO Instituto Palavra Aberta, which works to promotes freedom of expression in Brazil.

Tais Gasparian

Born in 1958, in the city of São Paulo, São Paulo. Graduated in Law by Faculdade de Direito da Universidade de São Paulo (1983) and graduated by Faculdade de Letras, Filosofia e Ciências Humanas da Universidade de São Paulo (1981). Enrolled with the Brazilian Bar Association, São Paulo Chapter, in 1984, under n. 74.182. Master in Philosophy and Jurisprudence by Faculdade de Direito da Universidade de São Paulo (1989). Ms. Gasparian was Chief of Staff of the Ministry of Justice (2002), and member of the Board of Directors of Associação dos Advogados de São Paulo (AASP). She also participated in the Special Commission for Immaterial Property OAB- São Paulo Chapter (2004/2006) and is a member of Associação Brasileira de Direito Autoral [Brazilian Copyright Association] (ABDA). Ms. Gasparian Practices Civil Law, in consulting services and litigation, especially regarding freedom of speech.

Jeffrey Ghannam

Jeffrey Ghannam is an attorney in Michigan and Washington, D.C. working at the nexus of law, global development and media. He recently served the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation in Saudi Arabia in the formation of an innovative financing facility with the Islamic Development Bank to support healthier lives. Previously, he served as Digital Media Advisor for improved citizen-government engagement in Bangladesh. He was awarded a Knight Fellowship and went on to lead numerous media capacity building, training, and evaluation efforts throughout the Middle East, North Africa and Gulf regions. He has contributed widely to the research, analysis and debate about the early impact of digital media and the limits of free expression leading up to and following the civil movements in the Arab world. His first report for the National Endowment for Democracy’s Center for International Media Assistance, “Social Media in the Arab World: Leading up to the Uprisings of 2011”, was self initiated in 2010 based on the region’s rapidly changing digital media environment and filled a knowledge gap at the start of the so-called Arab spring. A second report followed in 2012: “Digital Media in the Arab World One Year After the Revolutions”. He has presented on his research at the National Press Club in Washington, D.C., Georgetown University, Johns Hopkins University, Brookings Institution, Google’s Internet at Liberty, and the UN Public Service Forum in Bahrain, among others. He has also served as an advisor to Freedom House and the annual Freedom of the Press Index for the Middle East since 2012. He instructed on the intersection of law and journalism in the pursuit of social justice as the Howard R. Marsh Visiting Professor of Journalism at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. Earlier in his career, he was on staff at top-tier media including the Detroit Free Press, where he reported on the law and served as an editor; at the American Bar Association Journal in Chicago where he covered national and international human rights; at The New York Times in Washington, D.C. where he contributed features and news, and UPI Detroit. He has also contributed to The Washington Post, The Economist online, The Boston Globe, and Time magazine in Cairo, among other media. He received a juris doctor from the School of Law at the University of Detroit Mercy, a master’s degree in international affairs and Middle East studies from Georgetown University, and a bachelor’s degree in journalism from Michigan State University.

Carol Gluck

At Columbia Professor Gluck has taught undergraduates, graduate students, and students in the School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA) for almost forty years. She has contributed to innovations in undergraduate education at Columbia and around the country, including a four- year $2-million project on Expanding East Asian Studies (www.exeas.org). Her PhD students in history now teach in universities across the United States, Asia, and Europe. A prize-winning historian, her most recent book is Words in Motion: Toward a Global Lexicon, coedited with Anna Tsing (Duke University Press, 2009). Thinking with the Past: Modern Japan and History, will be published by the University of California Press in 2015, and Past Obsessions: World War II in History and Memory is forthcoming from Columbia University Press. Among her recent articles is “The End of Elsewhere : Writing Modernity Now,” American Historical Review (June 2011). She lectured this past year in Leiden, Heidelberg, Aarhus, Berlin, and colleges and universities across the United States. She completed a three-year term as Distinguished Lecturer of the Northeast Asia Council of the Association for Asian Studies and moderated several seminars for the Aspen Institute in Colorado and Berlin. At Columbia she is a member of the Committee on Global Thought, and directs the WEAI publications program, working with Ross Yelsey and others to produce the Studies of the Weatherhead East Asian Institute, Weatherhead Books on Asia, and Asia Perspectives. She serves as elected member of the Council of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, co-chair of the Trustees Emeriti of the Asia Society, on the Board of Directors of Japan Society, the board of the Weatherhead Foundation, and numerous editorial boards and national and international committees. Professor Gluck received her BA from Wellesley in 1962 and her PhD from Columbia in 1977. She joined the Columbia faculty in 1975.

Gordon M. Goldstein

Gordon M. Goldstein joined Silver Lake in 2010. He is a Managing Director with responsibility for global external affairs, including government relations, public policy, strategic communications, and media relations issues for Silver Lake as well as key public affairs issues for the firm’s portfolio companies. In 2012 Mr. Goldstein represented Silver Lake as a member of the United States government and industry delegation to the World Conference on International Telecommunications. Mr. Goldstein previously served as a Managing Director at Clark & Weinstock, a government relations, corporate communications, and strategy consulting firm. Mr. Goldstein is a former Senior Adviser to the Strategic Planning Unit of the Executive Office of the United Nations Secretary General and previously served as Co-Director of the Council on Foreign Relations Project on the Information Revolution and as Co-Director of the Brookings Institution Project on Sovereign Wealth Funds and Global Public Investors. Mr. Goldstein is a former Wayland Fellow and visiting lecturer at the Watson Institute for International Studies at Brown University and was a visiting lecturer at the U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency. He is the author of Lessons In Disaster: McGeorge Bundy and the Path to War in Vietnam, a study of national security strategy and White House decision-making which was a Foreign Affairs bestseller published by Times Books. He has appeared on the ABC, CNN, MSNBC, and BBC television networks and his articles and book review essays have appeared in the New York Times, Washington Post, Newsweek, Financial Times, and other publications. Mr. Goldstein is a graduate of Columbia University, where he was an International Fellow and was awarded a B.A. and M.I.A. as well as the M.Phil and Ph.D degrees in political science and international relations.

Charles Glasser

Charles Glasser spent twelve years as the Global Media Counsel for Bloomberg News, where he was responsible for pre-publication review, ethics issues, and training more than 2,200 reporters in more than 120 bureaus around the world on legal issues and journalistic fundamentals, particularly focusing on investigative and business news. He also managed media litigation globally, and is acknowledged as an expert in international media law. He is the author and editor of “The International Libel and Privacy Handbook” (Third Edition, 2013, John Wiley and Sons) and is a regular panelist and contributor for several media law and journalism organizations including The Media Law Resource Center, The Committee to Protect Journalists, and the Media Law Defence Institute (UK). Mr. Glasser also served as the news organization’s ombudsman, and was responsible for managing complaints, corrections and interacting with public relations and investor relations professionals who sought input into Bloomberg content, both before and after publication. Prior to joining Bloomberg, Mr. Glasser represented a wide variety of general circulation publications including Reader’s Digest, the New York Post, Star Magazine, and others. He is currently managing his own consultancy, providing legal and media ethics advice to publishers, managing Freedom of Information litigation and providing content and privacy guidelines to web-based startups. He currently acts as a media consultant to a wide range of news and content platforms at www.charlesglasser.net.

Frédéric Gras

Frédéric Gras, born in 1965 in Germany, is a French attorney at Law at the Bar of PARIS (France) who deals with Media Law (freedom of speech, intellectual property, advertisement) and Labour Law cases for media firms and journalists. He is also an expert for the Council of Europe (DG II) and a lecturer on Freedom of Speech for UNESCO, OSCE, ARTICLE 19 and Civil Rights Defenders (ex Swedish Committee) . He is a member of the editorial committee of LEGIPRESSE, a French Media Law Review. In a former academic life, he was a Lecturer at the University of PARIS II Pantheon-Assas and an Associate Professor at the Institute of Political studies in Rennes (Brittany).

Kent Greenawalt

Kent Greenawalt is University Professor at Columbia University, teaching at the Law School. A graduate of Swarthmore College, Oxford University, and Columbia Law School, he clerked for Justice Harlan and worked a year in the State Department before teaching at Columbia. He was later Deputy Solicitor General for a year. He has written a number of books and articles on freedom of speech and other constitutional issues, as well as questions about “public reason.” He has a forthcoming book from Oxford University Press on constitutional interpretation.

Dave Heller

Dave Heller is a staff lawyer with the Media Law Resource Center. Much of his work focuses on MLRC’s international programs and initiatives. He has been involved with the programming and planning of the MLRC London Conference since its inception and this year worked on MLRC’s first conference on Legal Issues Concerning Hispanic and Latin American Media. He has written comments on UK and European media law reform issues, including the new UK Defamation Bill. He is a member of MLRC’s International Media Lawyers Project (IMLP) which has worked to expand MLRC’s membership to lawyers in developing countries. He is also the editor of MLRC‟s monthly MediaLawLetter, and a regular contributor to MLRC’s other publications, including an annual survey of developments in media libel and privacy law.

Fatou Jagnes

Fatou Jagnes Senghor has more than 10 years of experience working on human rights and freedom of expression around Africa. She is based in Senegal, worked and lived in France, Gambia, UK and South Africa. She joined ARTICLE 19 in February 2002 and worked in the Africa office in Johannesburg, South Africa until 2004. She is currently based in Senegal where she established and heads ARTICLE19 West Africa regional office in 2010. She works with governments, African intergovernmental bodies and NGOs on media law/ policies and freedom of expression issues in Africa, conducting investigative missions, conducting national and regional training, advocacy, litigate on behalf of victims of human rights violations and writes on human rights and Freedom of expression in Africa. Fatou coordinated the advocacy work for the adoption of the Declaration of Principles on Freedom of Expression in African by the African Commission on Human Rights in 2002 and has spearheaded the development of the framework for the establishment of the mechanisms of a Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression in Africa (2005). She also chaired the Working group on access to information in African (2011 to 2013). She led the coordination and drafting of many NGOs recommendations and resolutions before the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights. She was programme adviser on the reform of the National Media Commission of Ghana (from August 2012 to January 2014).

Nani Jansen Reventlow

Nani Jansen Reventlow is an Associate Tenant at Doughty Street Chambers and a 2016-2017 Fellow at the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University. She is a recognised international lawyer and expert in human rights litigation responsible for groundbreaking freedom of expression cases across several national and international jurisdictions. At the Berkman Klein Center, Nani’s work focuses on cross-disciplinary collaboration in litigation that challenges barriers to free speech online. She also acts as an advisor to the Cyberlaw Clinic.

Between 2011 and 2016, Nani has overseen the litigation practice of the Media Legal Defence Initiative (MLDI) globally, leading or advising on cases before the European Court of Human Rights, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, the UN Human Rights Committee, the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention and several African regional forums. Nani obtained the first freedom of expression judgment from the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights (Konaté v. Burkina Faso) and the East African Court of Justice (Burundi Journalists’ Union v. Burundi), and appeared before the Supreme Court of Rwanda to argue international and comparative law standards on freedom of expression and the right to a fair trial.

Hawley Johnson

Dr. Hawley Johnson is the Project Manager for Columbia Global Freedom of Expression, an initiative to advance the understanding of international and national norms and institutions that best protect the free flow of information and expression in an inter-connected global community. Hawley has over twelve years of experience in international media development both academically and professionally, with a focus on Eastern Europe. She recently worked with the award winning Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project to launch the Investigative Dashboard (ID), a joint effort with Google Ideas offering specialized databases and research tools for journalists in emerging democracies.  Previously, as the Associate Director of the Media and Conflict Resolution Program at New York University, she oversaw the implementation of over eight US government sponsored media development programs in eleven countries. In 2012, she completed her Ph.D. in Communications at Columbia University’s Graduate School of Journalism. Her dissertation – a study of the evolution of media development policies in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo and Macedonia – was grounded in extensive field research in the region. She has a M.A. from Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs and a B.A. in International Affairs from American University.

Karin Deutsch Karlekar

Dr. Karin Deutsch Karlekar is currently Director of Free Expression programs at PEN American Center. She served from 2001-15 as the project director for Freedom House’s Freedom of the Press project, an annual report that tracks trends in global media freedom. She coordinated the research, ratings, and editorial processes for the index, as well as serving as a spokesperson on media issues, representing the organization at meetings and conferences and appearing regularly in the media as an expert on topics including press freedom, internet and digital media freedom, and freedom of expression. She has developed index methodologies and conducted training sessions for Freedom House on internet freedom, freedom of expression, and monitoring dangerous speech; authored a number of special reports and academic papers; and conducted research, assessment, and advocacy missions to Nigeria, South Africa, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Afghanistan, Indonesia, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. Prior to joining Freedom House, Dr. Karlekar was an editor at the Economist Intelligence Unit and also served as a consultant to Human Rights Watch. She holds a Ph.D. in Indian History from Cambridge University, England.

Issaaf Ben Khalifa

Issaaf Ben Khalifa is a barrister, registered at the National Bar Association of Tunisia since 2005. As a young lawyer she supported civil society organizations working on women’s rights, by defending women subjected to sexual and domestic violence. She graduated with a Masters degree in Legal Studies and a Diploma of Higher Studies (DHS) in fundamental legal sciences from the University of Legal, Social and Political Sciences in Tunis. She taught the human rights course at the High Institute for Electronic Commerce in Tunisia (September 2006 – June 2007). She was a human rights officer with the Regional Office for North Africa of United Nations Office of High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), from June 2012 till March 2013 and currently is a human rights officer with the OHCHR Tunisia Country Office. Issaaf Ben Khalifa is the officer in charge of drafting the OHCHR-Tunisia report on “The judicial implementation of penal provisions related to the prosecution of journalists laid down in the Decree-law No 2011-115 (new press code)”.

Andreas Motzfeldt Kravik

Andreas Motzfeldt Kravik, is the Legal Advisor at Norway’s Mission to the United Nations. Kravik joined Norway’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 2011 and served in the Ministry’s Legal Department in Oslo until 2014. He has previously worked for the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), the Norwegian Centre for Human Rights, as an assistant judge at Drammen District Court in Norway and Norway’s Ministry of Defence. Kravik has published frequently in various legal journals. Areas of expertise include general international law, human rights law, international criminal law and international humanitarian law.

Benjamin L. Liebman

Benjamin L. Liebman is the Robert L. Lieff Professor of Law and the Director of the Center for Chinese Legal Studies at Columbia Law School. His recent publications include “Leniency in Chinese Criminal Law? Everyday Justice in Henan,” Berkeley Journal of International Law (forthcoming 2014); “Malpractice Mobs: Medical Dispute Resolution in China,” Columbia Law Review (2013); “A Return to Populist Legality? Historical Legacies and Legal Reform,” in Mao’s Invisible Hand (edited by Sebastian Heilmann and Elizabeth Perry, 2011); and “Toward Competitive Supervision? The Media and the Courts,” China Quarterly (2011).

Gregg Leslie

Gregg has been an attorney with the Reporters Committee since 1994 and has served as the Legal Defense Director since 2000. He supervises the Committee’s amicus brief writing and journalism hotline services and is regularly interviewed by journalists on media law topics. He also serves as editor of the Reporters Committee’s news publications and guides. Gregg has served as a member of the American Bar Association’s Fair Trial and Free Press Task Force, as chairman of the D.C. Bar’s Media Law Committee, and as a member of the bar’s Arts, Entertainment, Media and Sports Law Section. Before and during law school, he worked as a journalist and research director for a Washington business and political magazine.

Lance Lindblom

Lance E. Lindblom was President and CEO and a Trustee of the Nathan Cummings Foundation in New York from December 4, 2000 until December 31, 2011 (retired). Before joining NCF, Mr. Lindblom served as a Program Officer at the Ford Foundation, focusing on democratic accountability, economic and social policy, and globalization. Prior to that position, Mr. Lindblom was the Executive Vice President at Soros Foundation’s Open Society Institute/Open Society Fund. For 13 years, he worked at J. Roderick MacArthur Foundation, first serving as Executive Director from 1980-1984 and then as President and CEO from 1984 to 1994. Mr. Lindblom has held the following governmental positions: Deputy Director of the Chicago Mayor’s Office of Budget and Management; Chief of Special Projects Unit and Senior Program Analyst and Budget Examiner at the Governor’s Office of Illinois Bureau of the Budget; and Economic and Program Analyst at the Illinois Economic and Fiscal Commission of the Illinois General Assembly. Mr. Lindblom also was a litigator at Jenner and Block, a law firm in Chicago. Mr. Lindblom graduated magna cum laude from Harvard College. He received a master’s degree in Public Affairs from Princeton University and a J.D. degree from the University of Chicago Law School.

Carla Matero

Carla Matero is the Founder and CEO of Grizzly Girl Productions (GGP). Everything has a story and through the art of storytelling we can advance the conversation and our level of understanding. GGP engages in documentary filmmaking, academic fora, events, and approaches every project with tenacious artistry. Recently, Ms. Matero advocated and worked for girl leadership experiences and gender equality as Executive Director at Girl Scouts of the USA. Previously, she served as Executive Assistant to President Lee C. Bollinger and Executive Director of Administrative Support for the Office of the President, Columbia University. Her oversight and comprehensive management of President Bollinger’s most recent book in the Inalienable Rights Series for Oxford University Press, Uninhibited, Robust, and Wide-Open: A Free Press for a New Century, led to the President appointing her as Forum Director of A Free Press for a Global Society, a Columbia series of fora that discusses and debates the current capacity, strategy, mandates, and needs for a global free press in an interconnected world. Ms. Matero is a board member of The Seraphic Society, C-Suite Executive Support Professionals, and Article 19, Inc. in New York. She is also a member of the Screen Actors Guild / American Federation of Television and Radio Artists, and Actors Equity Association, and an Associate Producer with Independent Film Project. As a theatre professional she has performed, written for the stage, directed, and coached privately primarily in New York City and the UK. Ms. Matero was on faculty at Pennsylvania State University’s School of Arts and Architecture and was an Artist in Residence for the State of Pennsylvania, and has worked as an independent artist with many theaters and universities. She holds an MS in Strategic Communications from Columbia University, an MFA from Penn State University, and certificates from Circle in the Square Theatre and the British American Drama Academy at Baliol College in Oxford, England.

Duncan McCargo

Duncan McCargo is Visiting Professor of Political Science at Columbia University, Professor of Political Science at the University of Leeds, and a Senior Research Affiliate at Columbia’s Weatherhead East Asian Institute. He teaches alternate semesters at Columbia and Leeds. His books include Politics and the Press in Thailand (Routledge 2000), Media and Politics in Pacific Asia (Routledge 2003), The Thaksinization of Thailand (co-authored, NIAS 2005), Tearing Apart the Land: Islam and Legitimacy in Southern Thailand (Cornell 2008) (which won the inaugural 2009 Bernard Schwartz Book Prize from the Asia Society), and most recently Mapping National Anxieties: Thailand’s Southern Conflict (NIAS 2012). McCargo held a Leverhulme Major Research Fellowship (2011-14) to work on politics and justice in Thailand, in the course of which he attended a number of important freedom of expression trials. He is now completing a book on these issues for Cornell University Press.

David McCraw

David McCraw has been a lawyer for The New York Times Company since 2002. He currently serves as a Vice President and Assistant General Counsel. He is responsible for the company’s litigation matters and for providing legal counsel to the Times newsroom on such issues as libel, freedom of information, access to the courts, and newsgathering. Mr. McCraw previously served as Deputy General Counsel of the New York Daily News and a litigation associate at Clifford Chance and Rogers & Wells. He is an adjunct professor of mass media law at the NYU School of Law. Mr. McCraw has been actively involved in international pro bono work on issues touching upon press freedom and freedom of information. He has worked on pro bono projects in Yemen, Kuwait, Russia, Cameroon, and Bahrain and conducted workshops on freedom of information in South America, China, and Central and Eastern Europe. He serves on the governing committee of the Vance Center, the international pro bono arm of the New York City Bar.

Kristen McGeeney

Kristen McGeeney is a Senior Legal Advisor at the International Center for Not-For-Profit Law (ICNL), which promotes progressive legal environments for civic space, including freedom of association, freedom of expression, and public participation. She leads and implements law reform programs that seek to improve proposed draft laws; to improve implementation of laws; and to support advocacy against restrictive laws, regulations, and policies. Prior to joining ICNL, Ms. McGeeney worked at the U.S. Department of State, most recently in the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, where she was the Bureau’s primary point of contact for freedom of expression issues. In this capacity, she also served as the Bureau’s negotiator at numerous UN bodies and represented the State Department in numerous FOE-related multilateral and bilateral meetings. Prior to this, Ms. McGeeney worked in the Office of War Crimes Issues at the U.S. Department of State. Ms. McGeeney holds a Juris Doctorate cum laude from American University Washington College of Law, where she specialized in international law. Ms. McGeeney earned her Bachelor’s Degree from the University of Iowa. She is a member of the Virginia and DC bars. She is also an Adjunct Assistant Professor at Georgetown University where she co-teaches a course on Human Rights and National Security.

Peter Micek

Peter Micek leads the Access policy team’s business and human rights work, advocating for a more rights-respecting and transparent telecom sector. He also teaches a course at Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs on internet policy and governance. A lawyer by training, Peter completed a JD cum laude at the University of San Francisco School of Law, and in 2010 published “A Genealogy of Home Visits,” critiquing surveillance of at-risk communities in the U.S.F. Law Review. As an intern, Peter defended independent journalists and engaged in Freedom of Information litigation at First Amendment Project. For five years, in his native San Francisco, Peter led youth and ethnic media development at New America Media, and was Web Editor at KALW’s daily radio program Your Call. Previously, he studied political science and journalism at Northwestern University in Evanston, IL. He is licensed by the state bars of California and New York, and has no cats.

Dunja Mijatović

Dunja Mijatović of Bosnia and Herzegovina was appointed OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media in March 2010, and reappointed for a second term in March 2013. She is an expert in media law and regulation. In 1998, as one of the founders of the Communications Regulatory Agency of Bosnia and Herzegovina, she helped to create a legal, regulatory and policy framework for the media in a complex post-war society. She was also involved in setting up a self-regulatory Press Council and the first Free Media Helpline in South East Europe. In 2007 she was elected Chair of the European Platform of Regulatory Agencies. She was the first non-EU Member State representative and the first woman to hold this post. Previously, she chaired the Council of Europe’s Group of Specialists on freedom of expression and information in times of crisis. During her Chairmanship, the CoE Committee of Ministers adopted the Declaration by the Committee of Ministers on the protection and promotion of investigative journalism and Guidelines on protecting freedom of expression and information in times of crisis. As an expert on media and communications legislation, she has worked in Armenia, Austria, Iraq, Jordan, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia, Morocco and the UK.

Dario Milo

Dario Milo is a partner in the Dispute Resolution Practice at Webber Wentzel, where he leads a team on communications and information law. Dario obtained BComm, LLB and LLM degrees in Company Law and Constitutional Law from the University of the Witwatersrand. After working as an associate in the Media Law Department, Dario studied for an LLM degree in Communications Law at University College London. Thereafter, he received a PhD at University College London. His thesis examined privacy, reputation and freedom of the media in the context of the law of defamation and privacy, focusing on South African, English and US law.

Dario is also qualified as a solicitor of the High Court of England and Wales, and taught Media and Entertainment Law at University College London and BPP Professional Education plc. Dario teaches media law, access to information law, and privacy law at the University of the Witwatersrand, where he is a visiting associate professor. He is the author of Defamation and Freedom of Speech, and co-author of the forthcoming book, A Practical Guide to Media Law. Dario and his team have been commissioned to write a guide on the Protection of Personal Information Bill when it becomes law.

Brigitte Nacos

Brigitte Nacos received her Ph.D. from Columbia University. She is a journalist, author, and for more than two decades an adjunct Professor of Political Science at Columbia University. She is the author of several books, among them Terrorism and the Media: From the Iran Hostage Crisis to the Oklahoma City Bombing; Mass-Mediated Terrorism: The Central Role of the Media in Terrorism and Counterterrorism; Terrorism and Counterterrorism; and Selling Fear: Counterterrorism, the Media and Public Opinion.

Anne Nelson

Anne Nelson specializes in international media development and has worked as an analyst, evaluator, and practitioner in the field. She has taught at Columbia University since 1995, and consults for many U.S. foundations, including OSI, Carnegie and Knight. She was the director of the International Program at the Columbia School of Journalism and executive director of the Committee to Protect Journalists. Anne was a war correspondent in Latin America, and reported from Eastern Europe and Asia, with work appearing in the New York Times, Harper’s, BBC, and NPR. Her writing has won six awards, including the Livingston Award. Anne is a playwright and screenwriter. Her 2001 play, “The Guys,” deals with the post-9/11 experience and has been produced in the United States and fourteen countries. Her screenplay became a feature film, which received the National Board of Review award for Excellence in Filmmaking. Her play “Savages,” based on the true story of war crimes during the U.S. occupation of the Philippines, was produced off-Broadway and published by Dramatists Play Service. Anne is a graduate of Yale University, a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and the recipient of a 2005 Guggenheim Fellowship for work on media and Nazi Germany.

Peter Noorlander

Peter Noorlander is the director of the Bertha Justice Initiative which supports organizations that practice public interest law and promotes movement lawyering. Previously, he was chief executive of the Media Legal Defence Initiative, an organisation that provides legal aid to independent media and journalists and fights strategic litigation to enforce respect for media freedom. Peter is a lawyer who has specialised in the fields of media law and human rights. He has litigated at various national and international courts, including the European Court of Human Rights and the UN Human Rights Committee, and has won standard-setting cases on issues ranging from licensing of media to excessive defamation awards. Prior to joining the Media Legal Defence Initiative, he was Senior Legal Advisor for the Open Society Foundations’ Media Program, and from 2001-2007 he served as legal officer and then senior legal officer at ARTICLE 19, the global freedom of expression organisation.

Karuna Nundy

Karuna Nundy is an advocate at the Supreme Court of India, and international human rights lawyer. She represents and acts as legal policy adviser to governments, United Nations, companies and civil society movements. She is arguing as unconstitutional restrictions on online speech before the Supreme Court of India. Her pro bono practice includes also, the Supreme Court litigation from the 1984 gas disaster and toxic waste dumps in Bhopal. She has argued cases involving the rights of alleged terrorists, mentally ill people and class actions on sexual harassment. Karuna’s advisory and policy work includes contributions to the Nepal Interim Constitution; a legislation workshop with the Senate of Pakistan; advice to the Government of Bhutan on compliance with human rights treaties; and legal reform in the Maldives with the Attorney General’s Office and the Chief Justice of the Maldives Supreme Court. In India, she drafted contributions to the new “anti-rape” laws and the Right to Food Act. Karuna has an Economics degree (St. Stephen’s College, Delhi University), a law degree (University of Cambridge), and an LL.M. (Columbia Law School). She is qualified to practice in India and NY. She is interviewed and comments on free speech, gender and legal issues on the BBC, India Today, the New York Times, NPR, FAZ, NDTV and other media.

Darian Pavli

Darian Pavli is senior attorney on freedom of information and expression issues with the Open Society Justice Initiative. Based in the New York office, he has been involved, among other things, with impact litigation before international human rights mechanisms, and has played a leading role in efforts to establish the right of access to government information as a basic human right internationally. Pavli works closely with human rights groups in Africa, Eastern Europe, Latin America, and elsewhere to address a broad range of freedom of expression and information deficits, and writes and speaks extensively on these issues. Prior to joining the Open Society Justice Initiative, Pavli was the Southern Balkans researcher for Human Rights Watch and a senior attorney for the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe’s Mission in Albania. He taught constitutional law in his native Albania, and holds advanced law degrees from NYU Law School and Central European University.

Maggie Powers

Maggie Powers is the Project Coordinator for International Migration at the Columbia Global Policy Initiative, a multi-year joint venture undertaken in collaboration with the Office of the United Nations Special Representative of the Secretary-General on International Migration and Development. The Project aims to develop a new migration agenda for the coming decade. Maggie undertakes initial research for the Project’s engagement with key academic stakeholders, facilitates commissioned research, and organizes workshops and an events to bring academic and policy experts on migration together and to push the Project’s agenda forward. She also identifies possible donors and prepares funding proposals in coordination with Columbia University entities. Maggie is a graduate of Columbia University with a Master of Arts in Human Rights Studies, and she holds a Bachelor of Arts in International Relations and Political Science from Loyola University Chicago.

Monroe Price

Monroe E. Price is the director of the Center for Global Communication Studies (CGCS) at the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Pennsylvania, and the Joseph and Sadie Danciger Professor of Law and Director of the Howard M. Squadron Program in Law, Media and Society at the Cardozo School of Law where he served as Dean from 1982 to 1991. Professor Price is also an Adjunct Full Professor of Communication at the Annenberg School and directs the Stanhope Centre for Communications Policy Research in London, and is the Chair of the Center for Media and Communication Studies of the Central European University in Budapest. He graduated magna cum laude from Yale, where he was executive editor of the Yale Law Journal. He clerked for Associate Justice Potter Stewart of the U.S. Supreme Court and was an assistant to Secretary of Labor W. Willard Wirtz. Professor Price was founding director of the Program in Comparative Media Law and Policy at Wolfson College, Oxford, and a Member of the School of Social Sciences at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. He was deputy director of California Indian Legal Services, one of the founders of the Native American Rights Fund, and author of Law and the American Indian. Among his many books are Media and Sovereignty; Television, The Public Sphere and National Identity; Routledge Handbook of Media Law; and Free Expression, Globalism, and the New Strategic Communication.

Kenneth Prewitt

Kenneth Prewitt is the Carnegie Professor of Public Affairs and the Vice-President for Global Centers. He taught Political Science at the University of Chicago from 1965-1982, and for shorter stints was on the faculty of Stanford University, Washington University, the University of Nairobi, Makerere University and the Graduate Faculty at the New School University (where he was also Dean). Prewitt’s professional career also includes: Director of the United States Census Bureau, Director of the National Opinion Research Center, President of the Social Science Research Council, and Senior Vice President of the Rockefeller Foundation. He is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Academy of Political and Social Science, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Center for the Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, the Russell-Sage Foundation, and member of other professional associations, including the Council on Foreign Relations. Among his awards are a Guggenheim Fellowship, honorary degrees from Carnegie Mellon and Southern Methodist University, a Distinguished Service Award from the New School for Social Research, the Officer’s Cross of the Order of Merit from the Federal Republic of Germany, the Charles E. Merriam Lifetime Career Award, American Political Science Association and a Lifetime National Associate of the NRC/NAS. Prewitt holds a BA from Southern Methodist University (1958); MA from Washington University (1959), Harvard Divinity School (1960) as a Danforth fellow; PhD from Stanford University (1963).

Sara Rafsky

Sara Rafsky is Americas Research Associate for the Committee to Protect Journalists, where she reports on press freedom in the region. She has written special reports for CPJ on Argentina, Brazil, Guatemala and Honduras and provided research for the organization’s first ever special report on the United States: “The Obama Administration and the Press: Leak investigations and surveillance in post-9/11 America.” Previously, she wrote about culture and politics as a freelance journalist in New York, South America and South East Asia. Rafsky also lived in Argentina, where she worked with the Ford Foundation and interned with Human Rights Watch and the Center for Studies on Freedom of Expression and Access to Information (CELE). In 2008, she received a Fulbright Grant to research photojournalism and the Colombian armed conflict. She has a bachelor’s degree from Georgetown University.

Andrei Richter

Andrei Richter (Andrey Rikhter) is the Director of the OSCE Office of the Representative on Freedom of the Media, and a professor at the School of Journalism, Moscow State University, where he teaches on mass media law. Born in Kharkov, Ukraine, in 1959, he has university degrees in law, foreign languages, and a doctorate in journalism. Richter was a commissioner of the International Commission of Jurists (ICJ) and the chair of the Law Section of the International Association for Media and Communication Research (IAMCR). Richter sits on editorial boards of a number of international journals on communications and the media. He has authored more than 200 publications on media law in Russian, English, Albanian, Armenian, Azeri, Bosnian, Tajik, Ukrainian, Serbian, Slovak, German and French, including the only standard media law textbook for journalism students of Russian colleges and universities (2002, 2009), a textbook on online media law (2014), as well as UNESCO-published textbook on international standards of media regulation (2011) and a book on censorship and freedom of the media in post-Soviet countries (in English, 2007).In 1991 he was a Visiting Scholar at the Gannett Center for Media Studies then affiliated with the Columbia University’ Graduate School of Journalism.

Maria Teresa Ronderos

Maria Teresa Ronderos, as the director of the Open Society Program on Independent Journalism, oversees efforts to promote viable, high-quality media, particularly in countries transitioning to democracy. Ronderos came to the Open Society Foundations from Semana, Colombia’s leading news magazine, where she served in a range of senior editorial roles. Together with the Ideas for Peace Foundation, she has been the creator and editor-in-chief of VerdadAbierta.com, a website that has covered armed conflict in Colombia since 2008, and she has just finished a book on the subject, Guerras Recicladas, which will be released in September 2014 (Penguin Random House). She serves on the boards of the Garcia Marquez Iberoamerican Foundation for New Journalism and the Columbia School of Journalism Cabot Awards. Until she joined Open Society, she served on the boards of the Committee to Protect Journalists and Flip, Colombia’s Foundation for Freedom of the Press, where, as chair, she worked to protect the lives of journalists in danger. Ronderos has trained professional journalists from across Latin America and led workshops, online courses, and seminars on investigative journalism, politics, and social and economic issues. In 2013, Ronderos and her team at VerdadAbierta.com won the Simon Bolivar National Award, Colombia’s highest journalism award, for best investigative reporting. Ronderos has also received the King of Spain Iberoamerican Award in Madrid and the Maria Moors Cabot Award from Columbia University.

Lee Rowland

Lee Rowland is a Staff Attorney with the ACLU’s Speech, Privacy and Technology Project. Lee has extensive experience as a litigator, lobbyist, and public speaker. She serves as lead counsel in federal First Amendment cases involving public employee speech rights, illegal arrest for reading protected material, and state secrecy surrounding the lethal injection process. She also authors amicus briefs and blogs on topics including the intersection of speech and privacy (e.g., restrictions on mug shots and nudity; the right to be forgotten, copyright injunctions), student and public employee speech, obscenity, and the Communications Decency Act. Lee serves as an Adjunct Clinical Professor for NYU Law’s Technology Law and Policy Clinic, and is a member of the New York Bar Association’s Communications and Media Law Committee. Prior to joining the ACLU, Lee was a voting rights counsel with the Brennan Center for Justice; she previously ran the Reno office of the ACLU of Nevada, where she regularly argued before the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals and the Nevada Supreme Court. Lee is a graduate of Middlebury College and Harvard Law School, where she served as President of the Harvard Defenders and staffed the Harvard Human Rights Journal and the Harvard BlackLetter Law Journal.

Marija Šajkas

Marija Sajkas has over 20 years of experience working as a journalist and editor with a focus on inclusive reporting. During and after the wars in the former Yugoslavia, she worked as a Press Officer for International Committee of the Red Cross, and as a Deputy-Editor in Chief of The Bridges Magazine produced by UN Stabilization Forces in Bosnia. After coming to the US, Mrs. Šajkaš worked as a Balkan media consultant and the researcher, and as a foreign correspondent to the Reporter magazine (Bosnia and Serbia) Status Magazine (Serbia), and most recently to New Magazine (Serbia). She also worked as a program coordinator for Reconciliation and Culture Cooperation Network, and for New York Immigration Coalition. Her other interests include disability and immigrant rights advocacy and combating domestic violence, and she currently serves on the board of directors of The Center for Independence of the Disabled in New York.

Paul Schabas

Paul Schabas is a senior litigation partner at Blake, Cassels & Graydon LLP, Toronto. He lads the firm’s media law practice, representing journalists and media organizations including the Toronto Star, Canada’s largest newspaper. He counsels on numerous libel trials and on leading defamation, free expression and access to information cases in the Supreme Court of Canada, including Grant v. Torstar, Breeden v. Black, R. v Mentuck, Toronto Star v. Canada, and Criminal Lawyers Association v. Ontario. Mr. Schabas has extensive experience in commercial litigation and international arbitrations, white collar criminal, tax, and constitutional law. He is an Adjunct Professor at University of Toronto Faculty of Law and elected Bencher of the Law Society of Upper Canada (governing body for Ontario’s 50,000 lawyers). Mr. Schabas is also a chair of Law Foundation of Ontario, Fellow of American College of Trial Lawyers, at International Academy of Trial Lawyers, past president of Canadian Media Lawyers Association, Pro Bono Law Ontario, director of Canadian Civil Liberties Association, and Osgoode Society for Canadian Legal History. He is a frequent author and speaker on media and constitutional law issues. In the past he submitted briefs on free expression law to international tribunals and governments and is named one of Canada’s 25 “most influential” lawyers by Canadian Lawyer (2011).

Frederick Schauer

Frederick Schauer is David and Mary Harrison Distinguished Professor of Law at the University of Virginia. He is also Frank Stanton Professor of the First Amendment, Emeritus, at the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, where he taught from 1990 to 2008, served as academic dean and acting dean, and also taught courses on evidence and freedom of speech at the Harvard Law School. Previously, Schauer was professor of law at the University of Michigan, and has also been visiting professor of law at the Columbia Law School, Fischel-Neil Distinguished Visiting Professor of Law at the University of Chicago, Morton Distinguished Visiting Professor of the Humanities at Dartmouth College, distinguished visiting professor at the University of Toronto, distinguished visitor at New York University, and James Goold Cutler Professor of Law at the College of William and Mary. In 2007-2008, he was the Eastman Professor at Oxford University and a fellow of Balliol College, a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and former holder of a Guggenheim Fellowship.

Carey Shenkman

Carey Shenkman is a First Amendment and human rights lawyer specializing in defending journalists against government prosecution and surveillance. He currently works for Michael Ratner, President Emeritus of the Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR), where they represent publishers including WikiLeaks. Carey previously worked with CCR to litigate on behalf of journalists seeking public access to the court-martial of Pfc. Chelsea Manning. Carey regularly writes and lectures on international human rights and US constitutional law issues, and incorporates both disciplines into his work. He holds two degrees in pure mathematics, a technical background he uses to better understand encryption technologies and promote digital security for human rights activists and humanitarians. Carey is an alumnus of NYU School of Law, where he was an editor on and published in the NYU Law Review.

David Schulz

David Schulz is a Visiting Clinical Lecturer at Yale Law School, where he also serves as Co- Director of the Media Freedom and Information Access Clinic, a program of the Floyd Abrams Institute for Freedom of Expression. He is a partner in the law firm Levine Sullivan Koch & Schulz LLP, a national trial and appellate practice representing news and entertainment media in defamation, privacy, newsgathering, access, intellectual property and related First Amendment matters. Mr. Schulz specializes in media law, First Amendment, and intellectual property, and represents a broad range of media clients, including international newswire services, national newspapers, television networks and station owners, magazine and book publishers, cable news networks, and Internet content providers. He was a lecturer for many years at Columbia Law School and regularly writes and speaks on media law issues. He is a graduate of Knox College, Yale University, and Yale Law School.

Joel Simon

Since his appointment as executive director in 2006, Joel Simon has led the Committee to Protect Journalists through a period of expansion. Under his guidance, CPJ launched the Global Campaign Against Impunity, established a Journalist Assistance program and spearheaded CPJ’s efforts to defend press freedom in the digital space. CPJ has also been honored with the Thomas J. Dodd Prize in International Justice and Human Rights and a News & Documentary Emmy for its work in defense of press freedom. Simon has written on press freedom issues for publications including Columbia Journalism Review, World Policy Journal, Asahi Shimbun, and The Times of India. His press freedom analysis is featured regularly in major media, including The New York Times, Washington Post, NPR, and BBC. Before becoming executive director of CPJ, Simon served as the Americas program coordinator and then deputy director. As a journalist in Latin America, Simon covered the Guatemalan civil war, the Zapatista uprising in Southern Mexico, the debate over the North American Free Trade Agreement, and the economic turmoil in Cuba following the collapse of the Soviet Union. A graduate of Amherst College and Stanford University, he is the author of Endangered Mexico: An Environment on the Edge.

Jack Snyder

Jack Snyder is the Robert and Renée Belfer Professor of International Relations in the political science department and the Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies at Columbia University. His books include Power and Progress:  International Politics in Transition (Routledge 2012); Religion and International Relations Theory (Columbia 2011); From Voting to Violence:  Democratization and Nationalist Conflict (Norton 2000); Myths of Empire:  Domestic Politics and International Ambition (Cornell 1991), and Ranking the World: Grading States as a Tool of Global Governance (Cambridge University Press, forthcoming), co-editor with Alexander Cooley.  His articles include “Nationalism and the Marketplace of Ideas,” International Security, fall 1996, co-authored with Karen Ballentine. A Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Snyder received a B.A. in government from Harvard University in 1973, the Certificate of Columbia’s Russian Institute in 1978, and a Ph.D. in political science from Columbia in 1981.

Gayathry Venkiteswaran

Gayathry Venkiteswaran is the Executive Director of the Southeast Asian Press Alliance, a network representing media freedom groups in the region. She has held the position since December 2010. She leads the Secretariat based in Bangkok and her responsibilities include overall management, fundraising and leading on the programs related to legal reforms and network strengthening. Before this, she was Executive Director of the Centre for Independent Journalism, a not-for-profit organization dedicated towards advancing media freedom and people’s access to information in Malaysia. During her tenure in CIJ, she conducted training on journalism and ethics, media literacy for the public and workshops on freedom of information. She was part of a team that produced the Free Press, Free People manual for training of civil society groups in Malaysia. She has worked as a journalist and has also taught journalism, media history and law, international communication and introduction to communication in three Malaysian institutions of higher learning. She has an MA International Relations from the Australian National University and a Bachelor in Mass Communication from Universiti Sains Malaysia. She co-authored a chapter entitled Sexing the Internet: Censorship, Surveillance and the Body Politic(s) of Malaysia for the book Access Contested (2011) and co-authored a chapter entitled Civil society use of media and ICT: A case study of SOS Selangor Campaign in the book Media, Culture and Society in Malaysia (2011).

Dirk Voorhoof

Dirk Voorhoof obtained Master degrees in Law (1979) and Communication Sciences (1980) and a PhD in Law in 1990 at Ghent University. He was a professor at Ghent University (1992-2016) with courses in Media Law, Copyright Law, Journalism & Ethics and European Media Law, and he remains connected to the Human Rights Center of the Law Faculty of Ghent University as em. professor. From 2002-2007 he lectured at the University of Oxford, MLAP (Global Media Law Advocates Programme) and he is teaching European Media Law at Copenhagen University (UCPH), Law Faculty, since 2004. From 1995 to 2005 he was a member of the Federal Commission for Access to Administrative Documents in Belgium and from 2006 to February 2016 he was a member of the Flemish Media Regulator. He reports on developments regarding freedom of expression, media and journalism, including in Iris, legal newsletter of the European Audiovisual Observatory, Auteurs & Media and Mediaforum. He also regularly writes academic blogs on Strasbourg Observers, Inforrm’s Blog, the International Forum for Responsible Media Blog and the European Court of Human Rights Blog (ECHR Blog). Actually he is a member of Legal Human Academy, of the CMPF Scientific Committee, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, European University Institute, Florence, of the Global FOE&I @Columbia experts network, Columbia University, New York, of the Executive Board of the European Centre for Press and Media Freedom (ECPMF), Leipzig and of the Committee of Experts on Internet intermediaries (MSI-NET) of the Council of Europe.

Doreen Weisenhaus

Doreen Weisenhaus teaches media law and ethics. Prior to joining the Journalism and Media Studies Centre in 2000, she was city editor of The New York Times. She also was the first legal editor of The New York Times Magazine before becoming its law and politics editor. Before that, Weisenhaus was editor-in-chief of The National Law Journal, a leading publication for lawyers in the U.S. that won several major journalism awards during her tenure. She also was a prosecutor in New York City, a television news producer in Chicago and a reporter for the Milwaukee Journal. She holds a Juris Doctor degree from Northwestern University’s School of Law and a Bachelor of Science degree from the Medill School of Journalism, also at Northwestern. She is the author of Hong Kong Media Law: A Guide for Journalists and Media Professionals (Hong Kong University Press 2007) and an expanded second edition in 2014. Her research interests include international press freedom and global trends in media law and policy. She has contributed to a number of publications including the International Encyclopedia of Communication (on communication law and policy in Asia) and the International Libel and Privacy Handbook. She is co-editor and co-author of a forthcoming book, Media Law and Policy in the Internet Age, that documents and analyzes media law reform trends worldwide, to be published by Hart Publishing Oxford.

Richard N. Winfield

Richard N. Winfield regularly teaches comparative mass media law at Columbia Law School, and mass media and Internet law at Fordham Law School. He leads media law reform programs of the International Senior Lawyers Project, a non-governmental organization he co-founded in 2000. He has spoken and consulted on media law reform projects in over 20 countries, including Russia, China and Japan. His amici curiae briefs in press freedom appeals have been submitted to the European Court of Human Rights and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. For over three decades he served as general counsel of the Associated Press while a partner at Rogers & Wells, which later became Clifford Chance US LLP. There he defended AP and other media clients in many hundreds of press freedom cases in the United States and abroad. Mr. Winfield conceived, compiled, contributed to and edited the anthology, Exporting the Matrix: The Campaign to Reform Media Laws Abroad. Carolina Academic Press published his book in 2012. His articles have appeared in leading law journals. Mr. Winfield served as chairman of the World Press Freedom Committee and the Fund for Peace, and served as a trustee of Freedom House.

Kyu Ho Youm

Kyu Ho Youm, the Jonathan Marshall First Amendment Chair professor at the University of Oregon School of Journalism and Communication, has published extensively about freedom of expression and information since the mid-1980s. His law journal articles have been cited by American and foreign courts, including the U.K. House of Lords, the Australian High Court, and the Canadian Supreme Court. Human rights lawyers have used his research in representing their clients in press freedom litigation in the U.S. and abroad. Youm has prepared a freedom of information (FOI) report for Open Society Justice Initiative’s The Right to Information: Good Law and Practice and the case briefing on freedom of speech and the press for ARTICLE 19. He has contributed to Media Law and Ethics (5th forthcoming), International Libel & Privacy Handbook (2013), and Media, Advertising &, Entertainment Law Throughout the World (2014). A native of South Korea, Youm is currently working on the Korean media law book for the International Encyclopaedia of Laws (IEL) project. He is the Communication Law and Media Policy editor of the 12-volume International Encyclopedia of Communication. He holds graduate degrees in journalism and law from Southern Illinois University-Carbondale, Yale, and Oxford.

Mark S. Zaid

Mark S. Zaid is a Washington, D.C. based attorney who specializes in innovatively handling simple and complex administrative and litigation matters relating to national security, international law, foreign sovereign and diplomatic immunity, defamation (plaintiff) and the Freedom of Information/Privacy Acts (FOI/PA). Through his practice Mr. Zaid often represents former/current federal employees, particularly intelligence and military officers, defense contractors, Whistleblowers and others who have grievances or have been wronged by agencies of the United States Government or foreign governments, as well as members of the media. He has been named annually as a Washington, D.C. Super Lawyer, as well as a “Best Lawyer” by Washingtonian Magazine bi-annually, since 2009 for his national security work. As the National Law Journal once wrote, “if Agent Mulder ever needed a lawyer, Zaid would be his man.” Mr. Zaid is also the Executive Director and founder of the James Madison Project, a Washington, D.C.-based organization, with the primary purpose of educating the public on issues relating to intelligence gathering and operations, secrecy policies, national security and government wrongdoing. Additionally, Mr. Zaid is an adjunct professor at Johns Hopkins University in the Global Security Studies program where he teaches on national security and intelligence law. “Curiously for this town,” once wrote the American Bar Association Journal, “Zaid is an equal opportunity thorn out to pierce the sides of suit jackets bearing both elephants and donkeys on the lapels.” He is a 1992 graduate of and current member of the Board of Trustees for Albany Law School of Union University in New York, where he served as an Associate Editor of the Albany Law Review, and completed his undergraduate education (cum laude) in 1989 at the University of Rochester, New York with honors in Political Science and high honors in History.