Global Freedom of Expression

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About The Spanish Case Law Database

Columbia Global Freedom of Expression has joined forces with the UNESCO Montevideo Office and Dejusticia to create a Spanish language version of the Global Case Law Database on freedom of expression and access to information.  FLIP (Fundacion para la Liberdad de Prensa) and the Externado University (Colombia) contributed case analyses of some of the most prominent Latin American freedom of expression jurisprudence.

 The Spanish language database is the result of extensive consultations with Judges from Latin America, as part of a UNESCO program of work to strengthen the legal protection of freedom of expression on the continent. The process cumulated in the Ibero-American Summit of Judges held in Paraguay in April 2016, when twenty-three Chief Justices from Latin America welcomed the Spanish court database and committed to contribute decisions to foster an exchange of knowledge and jurisprudence across the region on issues of freedom of expression, transparency and access to public information.

Columbia University’s Global Freedom of Expression’s Case Law Database is supported by a network of international experts. It surveys Latin American jurisprudence, reviews exemplary cases, and engages in comparative analysis. The Database aims to identify national, regional and global trends as well as the influence of international standards.

This project has been under the direction of Catalina Botero Marino, former special rapporteur for freedom of expression of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. The team has been coordinated by Sofia Jaramillo Otoya and has been composed by Liliana Torres Jimenez, Salomé Gómez Upegui, Camilo de la Cruz Arboleda and Mariana García Jimeno. Also, a group of graduate students from the Externado University have collaborated in the analysis of jurisprudence: Laura Marcela Rubiano Olivares, Carlos Arturo Duarte Martinez and Carolina Herrera Restrepo. This project has also benefited from the expert collaboration of Ramiro Alvarez Ugarte, Helena de Souza Rocha, Elisa Franco and Alejandra Negrete.

Catalina Botero Marino

Catalina Botero Marino

Dean of the Faculty of Law of Universidad de Los Andes in Bogotá, Colombia

Catalina Botero Marino is the Dean of the Faculty of Law of Universidad de Los Andes in Bogotá, Colombia. She was Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights of the Organization of American States from 2008 to October 5, 2014. Catalina Botero is a Colombian attorney who worked as Acting Magistrate and Auxiliary Magistrate in the Constitutional Court of Colombia for 8 years. She acted as an adviser for the Office of the Prosecutor General of the Nation; National Director of the Office for the Promotion of Human Rights in the Office of the People’s Defender of Colombia, and professor and researcher at the Law School of the Universidad de los Andes and other national and international universities. She is the author of several books and essays published in different countries on freedom of expression, constitutional law, international criminal law and transitional justice. She received her law degree in 1988 at the Universidad de los Andes and did postgraduate studies there, as well as in Madrid, Spain, at Universidad Complutense, Universidad Carlos III, and the Center for Constitutional Studies.

Sofía Jaramillo

Sofía Jaramillo

Legal Officer, Columbia Global Freedom of Expression

Sofia Jaramillo Otoya is the Legal Officer for Columbia Global Freedom of Expression. Prior to joining the initiative, she worked in Colombia as a research coordinator at the Center for Law, Justice and Society (Dejusticia) and as a professor at Rosario University. She has also performed consultancies for various organizations such as the Foundation for Free Press (FLIP) and the Inter-American Press Association. Previously, she served as a human rights specialist at the Office of the Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. She received her law degree from Rosario University, and her Master of Laws (LL.M) degree from Columbia University Law School where she was a Human Rights Fellow and Harlan Fiske Stone Scholar.

Liliana Torres Jiménez

Liliana Torres Jiménez

Researcher

Liliana graduated as a lawyer from Externado University (Colombia) where she teaches Law & Math in the Law and Economics Deparment. Liliana has done research regarding legal applications of Game Theory and wrote an article about the matter. Currently, she works as an assistant researcher at the Center for Law, Justice and Society (Dejusticia), among other thing, analyzing Latin-American decisions to support Columbia University’s freedom of expression initiative.

Salomé Gómez Upegui

Salomé Gómez Upegui

Researcher

Salomé Gómez Upegui is a lawyer from the University of Los Andes (Colombia). She has a minor in Comparative Politics from the same institution. Currently, she is the assistant lawyer of Catalina Botero Marino and works at the Foundation for Freedom of the Press (FLIP) among other things, analyzing Latin-American decisions to support Columbia University’s freedom of expression initiative. The second semester of 2016 she will teach the course “The Right to Freedom of Expression” at the Faculty of Law of the University of Los Andes.

Camilo De la Cruz Arboleda

Camilo De la Cruz Arboleda

Researcher

Camilo De la Cruz graduated as a lawyer at the top of his class from Externado University (Colombia). Currently, he works as an assistant researcher at the Center for Law, Justice and Society (Dejusticia), among other things, analyzing Latin-American decisions to support Columbia University’s freedom of expression initiative. Moreover, Camilo teaches Law & Math in his alma mater. He is interested in the fields of Law & Economics, Behavioral economics and Innovation. He is currently engaged in graduate studies in new technologies, innovation and cities management.

Mariana García Jimeno

Mariana García Jimeno

Researcher

Mariana graduated as a Lawyer Cum Laude from University of Los Andes, and she is currently completing her LL.M studies in the same University, where she is writing her thesis on Family Law from a gender perspective. She completed a research internship at Cornell University in the summer of 2015. The second semester of 2016 she will teach the course “The Right to Freedom of Expression” at the Faculty of Law of the University of Los Andes. Mariana worked at the Center for Law, Justice and Society (Dejusticia), among other thing, analyzing Latin-American decisions to support Columbia University’s freedom of expression initiative.

María Elisa Franco

María Elisa Franco

Expert Consultant

Maria Elisa currently is a doctoral student of the Division of Graduate Studies of the Faculty of Law of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) and Fellow of the National Council of Science and Technology (CONACYT). Master in Law from UNAM and her law degree from the Western Institute of Technology and Higher Education (ITESO). Professor of the Faculty of Law of UNAM and ITESO.

As for her work experience, she has been a consultant on human rights (particularly on gender, childhood and freedom of expression) for various national and international organizations such as UNESCO, the Human Rights Commission of the Federal District, the Council for the Prevention and Elimination of Discrimination in Mexico City, among others. Coordinator monitors and monitor of the two versions of the online course “International legal framework on freedom of expression, access to public information and protection of journalists” for judiciary officials in Latin America and Spain. From July 2013 to October 2014 she served as an advisor to the Human Rights Coordination and Advisory of the Presidency of the Supreme Court of Justice of Mexico. She has several publications regarding human rights.

Helena de Souza Rocha

Helena de Souza Rocha

Expert Consultant

Helena is a researcher and professor on Human Rights in Brazil. She has legal training and a Master´s Degree in International Human Rights Law from Essex University in the UK. She currently works in the Tuiuti University of Parana and is vice-president of the Committee for the Study of Gender Violence in the Order of Attorneys of Brazil Parana.

Helena has extensive experience with civil society organizations and the Inter-American Human Rights System. She was a human rights specialist at the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and the Office of the Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression. For five years she was the principal advocate of the Brazilian office of the Center for Justice and International Law (CEJIL). She has also worked in the Platform for Human Rights – Dhesca Brazil on issues regarding sexual and reproductive health.

Ramiro Álvarez Ugarte

Ramiro Álvarez Ugarte

Expert Consultant

Ramiro is a professor of Constitutional Law and Social Movements at the University of Palermo in Buenos Aires, Argentina. He is currently conducting field-work in Buenos Aires for his JSD dissertation at Columbia Law School.

Previously, he worked as a human rights lawyer at the Asociación por los Derechos Civiles (ADC) in Buenos Aires, Argentina, and at the Office of the Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression of the Inter-American Commission of Human Rights. He has done consulting work for national and local governments in several countries of Latin America and civil society organizations from the United States, Colombia, Venezuela, the United Kingdom and Argentina.