Global Freedom of Expression

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People

Staff and Affiliated Editors and Researchers

Founder

Lee C. Bollinger

Lee C. Bollinger

President, Columbia University

Lee C. Bollinger became Columbia University’s 19th president in 2002 and is the longest serving Ivy League president. Under his leadership, Columbia stands again at the very top rank of great research universities, distinguished by comprehensive academic excellence, an innovative and sustainable approach to global engagement, the largest capital campaign in Ivy League history, and the institution’s most ambitious campus expansion in over a century.

Bollinger is Columbia’s first Seth Low Professor of the University, a member of the Law School faculty, and one of the country’s foremost First Amendment scholars. Each fall semester, he teaches “Freedom of Speech and Press” to Columbia undergraduate students. His latest book, The Free Speech Century, co-edited with Geoffrey R. Stone, was published in the fall of 2018 by Oxford University Press.

Bollinger is a director of Graham Holdings Company (formerly The Washington Post Company) and serves as a member of the Pulitzer Prize Board. From 2007 to 2012, he was a director of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, where he also served as Chair from 2010 to 2012.

From 1996 to 2002, Bollinger was the President of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor. He led the university’s historic litigation in Grutter v. Bollinger and Gratz v. Bollinger, Supreme Court decisions that upheld and clarified the importance of diversity as a compelling justification for affirmative action in higher education. He speaks and writes frequently about the value of racial, cultural, and socio-economic diversity through columns, interviews, and appearances around the country and across the world.

 



Staff

Agnès Callamard

Agnès Callamard

Director, Columbia Global Freedom of Expression; Special Adviser to the President, Columbia University

United Nations Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions

Dr. Agnès Callamard is the Director of Columbia University Global Freedom of Expression, an initiative seeking to advance understanding on freedom of expression global norms, and Special Adviser to the President of Columbia University, first amendment scholar Lee Bollinger.

On August 1, 2016, she was appointed the UN Special Rapporteur on Extra-Judicial summary or arbitrary Executions.

Dr. Agnès Callamard has a distinguished career in human rights and humanitarian work globally. She spent nine years as the Executive Director of ARTICLE 19, the international human rights organization promoting and defending freedom of expression and access to information globally. Under her leadership, ARTICLE 19 reach and reputation flourished earning global recognition for its cutting edge public policy thinking on diverse issues including national security, equality and development. She founded and led HAP International (the Humanitarian Accountability Partnership), which is the first self-regulatory body for humanitarian agencies at the international level. Prior to this, Dr. Callamard was Chef de Cabinet for the Secretary General of Amnesty International (AI) and AI’s Research-Policy Coordinator, leading AI’s policy work and research on women’s human rights.

Agnès has advised senior levels of multilateral organizations and governments around the world and has led human rights investigations in more than 30 countries. She has published broadly in the field of human rights, women’s rights, refugee movements and accountability and holds a PhD in Political Science from the New School for Social Research in New York.

Hawley Johnson

Hawley Johnson

Associate Director, Columbia Global Freedom of Expression

Dr. Hawley Johnson is the Associate Director of Columbia Global Freedom of Expression, an initiative to advance the understanding of international and national norms and institutions that best protect the free flow of information and expression in an inter-connected global community. Hawley has over twelve years of experience in international media development both academically and professionally, with a focus on Eastern Europe. She recently worked with the award winning Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project to launch the Investigative Dashboard (ID), a joint effort with Google Ideas offering specialized databases and research tools for journalists in emerging democracies.  Previously, as the Associate Director of the Media and Conflict Resolution Program at New York University, she oversaw the implementation of over eight US government sponsored media development programs in eleven countries. In 2012, she completed her Ph.D. in Communications at Columbia University’s Graduate School of Journalism. Her dissertation – a study of the evolution of media development policies in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo and Macedonia – was grounded in extensive field research in the region. She has a M.A. from Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs and a B.A. in International Affairs from American University.

Bach Avezdjanov

Bach Avezdjanov

Program Officer, Columbia Global Freedom of Expression

Bach Avezdjanov is the Program Officer for Columbia Global Freedom of Expression, where he largely focuses on research and analysis of legal trends related to freedom of expression in Russia and Central Asia.

Prior to joining the initiative, Bach served as an Assistant Protection Officer with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in Kassala, Sudan, a city on the border with Eritrea. There, he monitored violations of refugee rights and designed appropriate responses. He has also worked in Kyrgyzstan for Freedom House, the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, and the Tian Shan Policy Center at the American University of Central Asia. In Kyrgyzstan, he largely contributed to efforts to prevent torture by police, and also helped strengthen public assembly rights, religious freedoms, minority rights, and women’s rights.

Bach holds a law degree from the Boston University School of Law and is fluent in Russian.

Sofía Jaramillo

Sofía Jaramillo

Legal Officer, Columbia Global Freedom of Expression

Sofia Jaramillo Otoya is the Legal Officer for Columbia Global Freedom of Expression. Prior to joining the initiative, she worked in Colombia as a research coordinator at the Center for Law, Justice and Society (Dejusticia) and as a professor at Rosario University. She has also performed consultancies for various organizations such as the Foundation for Free Press (FLIP) and the Inter-American Press Association. Previously, she served as a human rights specialist at the Office of the Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. She received her law degree from Rosario University, and her Master of Laws (LL.M) degree from Columbia University Law School where she was a Human Rights Fellow and Harlan Fiske Stone Scholar.



Editors

Marietta Cauchi

Marietta Cauchi

Media Law Consultant

Editor, Columbia Global Freedom of Expression

Marietta Cauchi spent fifteen years as a commercial and media lawyer in London where she represented media outlets including the Wall Street Journal, New York Times and Economist and online-based publications and advised on international and complex litigation and all areas of media law. Subsequently Ms Cauchi worked for twelve years as a journalist for Dow Jones Newswires/Wall Street Journal covering financial services, investigative and regulatory matters and defence. Ms. Cauchi works with the International Senior Lawyers Project advising, training and writing for NGOs, journalists, other media officials and staff on human rights, defamation, privacy, data protection, freedom of information and related rights globally. Ms. Cauchi has also written authoritative legal articles for a number of reference books, trade magazines and online platforms, specifically on defamation and media law, intellectual property rights and litigation.

Jonathan McCully

Jonathan McCully

Editor, Columbia Global Freedom of Expression

Legal Officer, Media Legal Defence Initiative

Jonathan McCully is a Legal Officer at the Media Legal Defence Initiative, an organisation that helps provide legal assistance to journalists, bloggers and independent media outlets around the world before domestic and international courts. For instance, Mr McCully has been involved in cases before the European Court of Human Rights, the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, the ECOWAS Community Court of Justice, and the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention. He has also worked on cases before domestic courts in Uganda, Singapore and Tanzania. He has trained lawyers from East and Southern Africa on freedom of expression and media law, and is a supervisor at the University of Edinburgh Freedom of Expression Law Clinic.

Mr McCully has a Bachelor of Laws from Trinity College Dublin, and a Masters of Laws in Information Technology, Media and Communications Law from the London School of Economics and Political Science. He has a particular interest in media law matters; and has published widely on freedom of expression, privacy, open justice, human rights and intellectual property. His articles have been published by the International Forum for Responsible Media Blog and the Media Law Resource Centre.

 

Caroline James

Caroline James

Legal Researcher and Editor

Caroline James is a South African freedom of expression lawyer currently studying at Queen’s University in Canada. She has BA(Hons) and LLB degrees from the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa. Her research interests are in constitutional and human rights law – particularly the way in which power is held to account. Caroline previously worked as the freedom of expression lawyer at the Southern Africa Litigation Centre in Johannesburg where she worked with lawyers and organizations in southern Africa litigating and advocating for the right to freedom of expression and association. Caroline has also worked as a judge’s clerk at the South Gauteng High Court in Johannesburg.



Legal Researchers

Shubhangi Agarwalla

Shubhangi Agarwalla

Legal Researcher

Shubhangi Agarwalla is a third year student of National Law University, Delhi (NLU-D). She has interned at Max Planck Institute of Comparative Public Law and International Law, clerked with a High Court judge in Delhi and interned under Advocate Yug Mohit Chaudhury. She has also interned at premier law firms in India. She is an active member of the Legal Services Committee and the Moot Court Committee at NLU-D. She is a member of the Gender Circle, a student group at NLU-D which is aimed at promoting discussions on intersectional feminism. She is also an editor of the NLUD Student Law Journal and a visiting editor at the Bologna Law Review. She has written extensively and been published on several national and international journals. She is particularly interested in questions of power in the emerging information society.

Brenna Carpenter

Brenna Carpenter

Legal Researcher

Brenna Carpenter is a legal researcher for the Global Freedom of Expression and Information at Columbia University. Brenna attended the Sandra Day O’Connor College of Law and spent a semester abroad at Fundação Getúlio Vargas – Direito, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. During law school, Brenna focused on international human rights, immigration law, and advocacy. She was privileged to be able to intern with the U.S. Department of State as both a Politics and Economics Intern at the U.S. Consulate in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and as a Legal Extern at the Office of the Legal Adviser in Washington, D.C. Brenna has also worked with the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society, the International Rescue Committee, the Girl Scouts of Southern Arizona, and Arizona State University’s Immigration Law & Policy Clinic. She currently practices law and is licensed in California.

Kevin Crow

Kevin Crow

Legal Researcher

Kevin Crow is Assistant Professor of International Law and Ethics at the Asia School of Business (ASB) in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, and an International Faculty Fellow at the MIT Sloan School of Management in Boston, USA. His research focuses on ‘judgment’ and ‘belief’ in international law, corporate subjectivity to international law, constructions of the private-public relationship, and the private sector’s role in ‘authoring’ public international law.

Giovanni De Gregorio

Giovanni De Gregorio

Legal Researcher

Giovanni De Gregorio is Ph.D. candidate in Public Law at the University of Milano-Bicocca, specialized in Constitutional, IT and IP law.

Before graduating in Law at Bocconi University in 2016 with a dissertation about the European Digital Single Market strategy, he attended courses at national and international level such as the Cyberlaw course at the London School of Economics.

His research interests are related to the freedom of expression and, in particular, its relationships with new digital technologies.

Hülya Dinçer

Hülya Dinçer

Legal Researcher

Human Rights Lawyer and Post-doctoral researcher at Institut of Political Sciences of Ecole Normal Supérieure Paris-Saclay, France

Hülya Dinçer is a human rights lawyer and scholar based in Turkey. She holds a master degree from Paris Panthéon Sorbonne University and a Ph.D in human rights law from Galatasaray University. Her dissertation focuses on the legal construction of the right to truth in national and international human rights regimes.  She worked at Human Rights Department of Marmara University between 2011 and 2017 as a teaching and research assistant. She is currently a post-doctoral researcher at Institut of Political Sciences of Ecole Normal Supérieure Paris-Saclay in France.

She has collaborated with and written legal analysis for the NGO’s in Turkey such as Center of Memory, Truth and Justice, Heinrich Böll-Stiftung.  She has also conducted research at CELS, an Argentine NGO based in Buenos Aires during her stay between 2013-2014 as a visiting researcher. Her research focuses on transitional justice, collective memory, the right to truth and freedom of expression.

Ilaria Fevola

Ilaria Fevola

Legal Researcher

Ilaria Fevola is currently working for the Italian NGO Ossigeno per l’Informazione, an independent observatory that monitors threats to freedom of expression, attacks to journalists and news overshadowed by violence in Italy.

Recently, she worked as legal intern at London-based MLDI (Media Legal Defence Initiative), where she supported the organization in providing legal defence to journalists and bloggers before international and regional courts. Previously, Ms. Fevola interned at UNESCO Headquarters in Paris in the Communication and Information sector, division of Freedom of Expression and Media Development. She mainly worked on events and projects implementing the UN Plan of Action for the Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity. She had also worked as legal researcher at WAN-IFRA (World Association of Newspapers and News Publishers), focusing extensively on the balance between freedom of expression and privacy, the right to be forgotten and press freedom-related issues.

Ms. Fevola holds a master degree in Law from the University of Torino (Italy), with a master thesis on the issue of extraterritoriality and the jurisdictional challenges in the age of the Internet under public international and EU law. She has a particular interest in media law and human rights matters with a focus on international organizations. She has had the occasion of specialising in such domain by studying at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), the Harvard Law School and the University of Pretoria, South Africa. She is also member of the Journalists’ Safety Research Network hosted by the Centre for Freedom of the Media (CFOM) at the University of Sheffield (UK) and supported by UNESCO.

Amr Gharbeia

Amr Gharbeia

Legal Researcher

Technology and Human Rights Officer, The Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights

Amr Gharbeia is interested in the juncture between technology, politics and the law. Since 2004, he  has helped communities and civil society use ICT for social change. During his different roles in the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights, he has written and advocated policies covering the areas of telecommunication regulation, freedom of information, privacy and so-called cyber crime. He is also a former staff member of Amnesty International. Gharbeia has been pursuing a degree in science and technology studies, focusing on resilience and use of appropriate technologies in autonomous housing.

Raghav Mendiratta

Raghav Mendiratta

Legal Researcher

Raghav Mendiratta is a student of Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Punjab pursuing B.A.LLB (Hons.). At the University, he is the Convener of the Centre for Advanced Studies in Criminal Law and also heads the Debate Society. He has participated in various International moot court and debate competitions. He was an Oralist at the 11th Price Media Moot Court Competition (South Asia) where his team emerged the Winner and also won the Best Memorial Award. Previously, he has interned under Supreme Court Justice U.U. Lalit, former Additional Solicitor General of India Mr. Sidharth Luthra and with other human rights organizations.

Christopher Merken

Christopher Merken

Legal Researcher

Christopher is a second-year law student at Villanova Law School. A recipient of Villanova Law’s full tuition Dean’s Merit Scholarship, Christopher graduated cum laude from the University of Delaware with a BA in Political Science in December 2016. While at UD, Christopher interned for Vice President Joe Biden as a White House Intern and conducted legal research on the Warren Court as well as freedom of assembly of political parties in Europe. Christopher hopes to clerk for a federal judge following the conclusion of his JD program at Villanova Law, and is a passionate world traveler.

Solomon Okedara

Solomon Okedara

Legal Researcher

Barrister and Solicitor of the Supreme Court of Nigeria

Solomon Okedara, Barrister and Solicitor of the Supreme Court of Nigeria, is a practicing legal practitioner and Researcher with over ten (10) years post-call experience and outstanding expertise in Human Rights (with a special bias for Freedom of Expression & Digital Rights), Intellectual Property, International Business and International Law, having an unusual knack for excellence and matchless clients’ satisfaction with a view to delivering maximal results. Armed with a peerless ability in creative legal research and analysis, delivering impressive results in review of laws, legal principles and standards. Solomon is a partner at Solomon Okedara & CO (a firm of Barristers and Solicitors) and founded Expression Now (an organization committed essentially to defence of digital rights).

Solomon is a strategic litigation lawyer with a robust interest and proven expertise in Freedom of Expression, Digital Rights, Cybercrimes and Human Rights litigation. He is a 2016 Short Term Research Fellowship Recipient of International Center for Not for profit Law (ICNL), Washington DC. Solomon was a Finalist at the 2018 Global Freedom of Expression Prize of Columbia University in the city of New York.

Solomon obtained LLB from Olabisi Onabanjo University, Nigeria, Certificate in Private International Law, Hague Academy of International Law, the Netherlands and Certificate in Summer Program in International Development and Environment of Washington College of Law, American University, Washington DC. He is a Case Writer/Researcher for Global Freedom of Expression project of Columbia University in the City of New York.

 

Joshita M Pai

Joshita M Pai

Legal Researcher

Joshita M Pai graduated in 2015 with BA LLB Hons. from Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur and has a diploma in media law and internet policy. She is currently a Fellow at the Centre for Communication Governance at National Law University, Delhi and is a part of the civil liberties team. Intermediary liability, data protection, paid news and opinion polls are few of the areas she has worked on in the past.

At the Centre for Communication Governance, she works on privacy. As a Privacy Fellow, she has engaged with many domestic policy issues such as the Unique Identification Authority of India and the Aadhar Scheme, The DNA Profiling Bill 2015 and The National Draft Encryption Policy 2015. She intends to work on the intersection between privacy and freedom of expression in the near future.

Fernando Méndez Powell

Fernando Méndez Powell

Legal Researcher

Acting Director of Legal Advice at the Office of the Ombudsman of Panama and an adjunct professor at Florida State University - Republic of Panama Campus

Fernando Méndez Powell is Acting Director of Legal Advice at the Office of the Ombudsman of Panama and an adjunct professor at Florida State University – Republic of Panama Campus. He holds a Ph.D in Law from Monash University (Melbourne, Australia) an E.MA in Human Rights and Democratization from the European Inter-University Centre (Venice, Italy) a LL.M in International and Comparative Law from Indiana University (Indianapolis, USA) and a Bachelor in Law and Political Science from Universidad Santa María la Antigua (Panama). He is co-author of a textbook on International Human Rights Law which has been cited in judicial decisions and several academic articles dealing with the relationship between human rights and broadcasting policy and regulation; and the possible conflicts between the rights of parents, children, educators and educational institutions that may occur in the field of education.

Marco A. Sabino

Marco A. Sabino

Legal Researcher

Dr. Marco A. Sabino is a researcher who provides legal analysis of Freedom of Expression in Brazil and South America. He works as an executive for Globo TV, one of the America’s biggest broadcasters, in the advertising area. He holds a Ph.D. in Litigation from the University of São Paulo, School of Law. His dissertation – a study of the judicial intervention on public health – was awarded as the best dissertation of 2014 by the University São Paulo. He is a lawyer with 12 years experience, professor of Ethics, Law and Corporate Governance. He is attending the Post-Doctorate Program at University of Coimbra, Portugal, where he studies the limits of the protection conferred to commercial speech. Additionally, he has earned post-graduate certificates in Civil Procedure and Litigation (Catholic Law School, São Paulo), Civil and Commercial Law (Autonomous Law School of São Paulo) and Teaching (University Anhembi-Morumbi).

Marija Šajkaš

Marija Šajkaš

Researcher

Marija Šajkaš (pronounced as Maria Shay-kash) is a U.S. based writer, media expert and political analyst, and founder of 4 Better Media. Her most recent appearances and projects include work for the Freedom of the Press, Freedom House (2017), High-Level OSCE Chairmanship Conference “Freedom of the Media in the Western Balkans” in co-operation with the OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media (2017), Mayor’s Office of immigrant Affairs in New York City (2016), Global Freedom of Expression Initiative at Columbia University (2016), CORO– Immigrant Civic Leadership Program (2015) and Association of Media in Bosnia (2015). 

Before that, Mrs. Šajkaš was the Head of Development and Operations for Media Diversity Institute –USA, a Press Officer for The International Committee of the Red Cross, and a Deputy-Editor-in-Chief of The Bridges Magazine, the first media outlet distributed in post-war Bosnia, produced by the United Nations, SFOR Forces.

She holds an M.S. in International Affairs, with a concentration in Culture and Media Studies, from The New School University in New York, and a BS in Serbian Language and Literature from the University of Belgrade. Marija Šajkaš is the author of the novel Esther Jovanovich’s Scrapbook (Klett, 2013) and co-author of the TV documentary “Missing- the Right to Know”. (2003)

Sadot Santana

Sadot Santana

Legal Researcher

Sadot Santana-Miranda obtained his Bachelor of Arts in Political Science from the University of Puerto Rico in 2011. He completed his Juris Doctor from the University of Puerto Rico School of Law in May of 2014. While at the University of Puerto Rico School of Law, he participated in study abroad programs in Cuba and Canada. He also co-founded the first online publication of the University of Puerto Rico dedicated to International Law called Pangea, in which he served as Editor in Chief. Sadot represented his law school in the International Rounds of the Philip C. Jessup International Law Moot Court Competition in 2014. Sadot has recently published an article regarding the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the implications to human rights after the construction of the Wall in the University of Puerto Rico Law Review. His areas of interests include International Law, Human Rights, Politics, and Law in the Middle East, Africa and Latin America. He currently participated as a volunteer reporter in the working committees for the adoption of new Principles of Universal Jurisdiction supported by the Fundación Internacional Baltasar Garzón.

Sanjana Srikumar

Sanjana Srikumar

Legal Researcher

Sanjana Srikumar is a Research Fellow at the Education Initiative of Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy. She graduated from National Law University, Jodhpur, pursuing her B.A. LL.B. (Trade and Investment Hons.). At the University, she was Editor-in-chief at the Indian Journal of Arbitration Law, and teaching assistant for constitutional law. She has previously interned with various human rights advocates, Supreme Court Justice S.J. Mukhopadhyaya and at public policy organizations, with a focus on constitutional law, socio-economic rights and criminal justice. She has also participated in and coached teams for various national and international moot court competitions, with a particular focus on issues involving freedom of expression. /span>

Shreya Tewari

Shreya Tewari

Legal Researcher

Shreya is a final year student of law at Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Punjab (NLU, Punjab). She takes keen interest in the intersection between right to free speech and right to privacy. She was a participant of the Oxford Price Media Moot Court Competition, 2018. At the South-Asian rounds, her team emerged winner and Shreya was awarded Best Oralist. At the world rounds, she was awarded 3rd best oralist. She has interned at several of India’s premier law-firms and has also worked with a Calcutta High Court Judge. Post graduation, Shreya intends to pursue a career in privacy and free speech laws and the corresponding aspects of intermediary liability.

Valentina Vera Quiroz

Valentina Vera Quiroz

Legal Researcher

Valentina Vera Quiroz is a legal researcher for Global Freedom of Expression at Columbia University. She holds a Bachelor of Laws (LLB), and a Minor in Government and Public Affairs from University of Los Andes, Colombia. During Law School, she worked as a teaching undergraduate assistant for Public International Law and Statistics for the Social Sciences, and she was member of the University’s Legal Aid Clinic where she worked as legal advisor of victims of the armed conflict in Colombia. Valentina participated at Jessup International Law Moot Court Competition, in Washington D.C., where she was awarded as best oralist as well as the best team of the international exhibition rounds.

She has worked as researcher in the compliance practice in Latin America with research on national and international standards. Valentina currently serves as the coordinator of the Latin American Chapter of the Columbia Global Freedom of Expression Initiative at the University of Los Andes, and she coordinates the master’s program in International Law at said University.

Her areas of interest include Public International Law, International Law of Human Rights, Comparative and Constitutional Law.

Sofia Verza

Sofia Verza

Former Visting Scholar, Columbia Global Freedom of Expression

PhD candidate, Department of Political Science, University of Perugia, Italy

Sofia is a PhD candidate at the University of Perugia, Department of Political Science: her research explores the relationship between anti-terror laws and media systems. She holds a master degree in Law from the University of Trento (Italy), with a master thesis on the national security-related limitations to free expression in Italy and Turkey.

She collaborated with the Italian think tank Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso Transeuropa (OBCT) in the realm of the ECPMF project (European Centre for Press and Media Pluralism).

She studied in Istanbul at Bilgi and Yeditepe University, specializing in the field of criminal and media law. In Istanbul, she worked for the IKV Foundation (Economic Development Foundation), which focuses on Turkish-European relations, researching in the field of freedom of expression.

Kyle Welch

Kyle Welch

Legal Researcher

Kyle received a B.S. in mechanical engineering at Ohio State University in 2011 before receiving his J.D. from California Western School of Law in 2014. In his time at CWSL, Kyle interned at New Media Rights, a nonprofit organization providing free and low-cost legal advice to internet users, artists, and entrepreneurs (where he is now an acting member on the advisory board); studied patent prosecution during an internship at SPAWAR, in the Navy’s patent division of general counsel; served as an associate editor for the California Western Law Review and International Law Journal; and externed for the Honorable Karen Crawford at the United States District Court, Southern District of California.

Kyle had a comment on custodial interrogation and Miranda v. Arizona published in the California Western Law Review in 2014, and an article on what he termed “crisis legislation” as illustrated by the Patriot Act published in the Capital University Law Review in summer 2015. Kyle is now an attorney in the state of California. He is currently a licensing associate at the San Diego State University Technology Transfer Office, where he works to secure intellectual property rights on behalf of the university, and then to transition that intellectual property to market for the public benefit. Kyle is thrilled to be a part of the Global Freedom of Expression at Columbia University’s mission to further international norms for freedom of speech and expression. He also likes football, basketball, and rock and roll.

Deniz Yildiz

Deniz Yildiz

Legal Researcher

Deniz Yıldız is a human rights lawyer and researcher based in Istanbul. She graduated from Istanbul University Law School, then continued her post-graduate education at Koç University and University of Essex.

She has worked for Amnesty International Turkey as Trial Observation Programme Coordinator from 2015 to 2018, where she monitored and reported cases concerning media freedom as well as right to protest.

Her main area of focus is free speech of political opposition and free speech of minorities.