Global Freedom of Expression

People

Leadership, Staff and Affiliated Editors and Researchers

Leadership

Lee C. Bollinger

Lee C. Bollinger

President, Columbia University

Founder, Global Freedom of Expression, Columbia University

Lee C. Bollinger became Columbia University’s 19th president in 2002 and is the longest serving Ivy League president. He is the founder of Global Freedom of Expression. Under his leadership, Columbia stands again at the very top rank of great research universities, distinguished by comprehensive academic excellence, an innovative and sustainable approach to global engagement, the largest capital campaign in Ivy League history, and the institution’s most ambitious campus expansion in over a century.

Bollinger is Columbia’s first Seth Low Professor of the University, a member of the Law School faculty, and one of the country’s foremost First Amendment scholars. Each fall semester, he teaches “Freedom of Speech and Press” to Columbia undergraduate students. His latest book, The Free Speech Century, co-edited with Geoffrey R. Stone, was published in the fall of 2018 by Oxford University Press.

Bollinger is a director of Graham Holdings Company (formerly The Washington Post Company) and serves as a member of the Pulitzer Prize Board. From 2007 to 2012, he was a director of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, where he also served as Chair from 2010 to 2012.

From 1996 to 2002, Bollinger was the President of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor. He led the university’s historic litigation in Grutter v. Bollinger and Gratz v. Bollinger, Supreme Court decisions that upheld and clarified the importance of diversity as a compelling justification for affirmative action in higher education. He speaks and writes frequently about the value of racial, cultural, and socio-economic diversity through columns, interviews, and appearances around the country and across the world.

 

Catalina Botero Marino

Catalina Botero Marino

Consulting Director, Global Freedom of Expression, Columbia University

Catalina Botero Marino is the consulting director of Global Freedom of Expression. She is a lawyer, director of the UNESCO Chair on Freedom of Expression at the Universidad de Los Andes, co-chair of the Oversight Board of Facebook and Instagram, member of the external transparency panel of the Inter-American Development Bank, commissioner of the International Commission of Jurists and member of the Advisory Board of the International Bar Association’s Human Rights Institute. She is an adjunct professor at American University’s Human Rights Academy. She was Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights of the OAS, Dean of the Faculty of Law of the Universidad de Los Andes, and an Associate Judge of the Constitutional Court and of the Council of State in Colombia.

Hawley Johnson

Hawley Johnson

Associate Director, Global Freedom of Expression, Columbia University

Dr. Hawley Johnson is the Associate Director of Columbia Global Freedom of Expression. Since 2014 she has managed the development of the Case Law Database which hosts analyses of seminal freedom of expression court rulings from more than 130 countries.  Hawley has over twelve years of experience in international media development both academically and professionally, with a focus on Eastern Europe. From 2013-2014 she worked with the award-winning Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project to launch the Investigative Dashboard (ID), a joint effort with Google Ideas offering specialized databases and research tools for journalists in emerging democracies.  Previously, as the Associate Director of the Media and Conflict Resolution Program at New York University, she oversaw the implementation of over eight US government sponsored media development programs in eleven countries. In 2012, she completed her Ph.D. in Communications at Columbia University’s Graduate School of Journalism. Her dissertation – a study of the evolution of media development policies in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo and Macedonia – was grounded in extensive field research in the region. She has a M.A. from Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs and a B.A. in International Affairs from the School of International Service at American University.

Joel Simon

Joel Simon

Consultant, Global Freedom of Expression, Columbia University

Joel Simon is a consultant for Global Freedom of Expression. He is also a fellow for the Tow Center for Digital Journalism at Columbia Journalism School and a senior visiting fellow at Columbia’s Knight First Amendment Institute. For over 15 years, he served as the executive director for the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ).  Simon led the CPJ through a period of expansion. Under his guidance, CPJ launched the Global Campaign Against Impunity, established a Journalist Assistance program and spearheaded CPJ’s efforts to defend press freedom in the digital space. CPJ has also been honored with the Thomas J. Dodd Prize in International Justice and Human Rights and a News & Documentary Emmy for its work in defense of press freedom. Simon has written on press freedom issues for publications including Columbia Journalism Review, World Policy Journal, Asahi Shimbun, and The Times of India. His press freedom analysis is featured regularly in major media, including The New York Times, Washington Post, NPR, and BBC. Before becoming executive director of CPJ, Simon served as the Americas program coordinator and then deputy director. As a journalist in Latin America, Simon covered the Guatemalan civil war, the Zapatista uprising in Southern Mexico, the debate over the North American Free Trade Agreement, and the economic turmoil in Cuba following the collapse of the Soviet Union. A graduate of Amherst College and Stanford University, he is the author of Endangered Mexico: An Environment on the Edge.

Sofia Lalinde

Sofia Lalinde

Program Manager, Global Freedom of Expression, Columbia University

Sofia serves as part of the internal management team for Global Freedom of Expression. Prior to joining GFoE, she was a program associate for Special Projects & External Relations at the Inter-American Dialogue from 2019 to 2021. She helped manage various institutional initiatives, including the Linowitz Forum, CAF Conference, and Congressional Program, and the organization’s work on gender issues. She graduated from Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service with a BA in International Politics, focusing on foreign policy and processes. She has also interned in the Legislative Affairs Office of the Department of Treasury and at the Fabretto Foundation, an organization that serves to empower children and families in Nicaragua through education. While studying abroad in Geneva, Switzerland, she interned at the World Federation of United Nations Associations (WFUNA), an international NGO at the United Nations Headquarters.



Editors

Marietta Cauchi

Marietta Cauchi

Media Law Consultant

Editor, Columbia Global Freedom of Expression

Marietta Cauchi spent fifteen years as a commercial and media lawyer in London where she represented media outlets including the Wall Street Journal, New York Times and Economist and online-based publications and advised on international and complex litigation and all areas of media law. Subsequently Ms Cauchi worked for twelve years as a journalist for Dow Jones Newswires/Wall Street Journal covering financial services, investigative and regulatory matters and defence. Ms. Cauchi works with the International Senior Lawyers Project advising, training and writing for NGOs, journalists, other media officials and staff on human rights, defamation, privacy, data protection, freedom of information and related rights globally. Ms. Cauchi has also written authoritative legal articles for a number of reference books, trade magazines and online platforms, specifically on defamation and media law, intellectual property rights and litigation.

Sofía Jaramillo

Sofía Jaramillo

Editor, Columbia Global Freedom of Expression

Digital Rights Fellow, International Justice Clinic, University of California, Irvine School of Law

Sofia Jaramillo-Otoya is the Digital Rights Fellow and co-supervisor of the International Justice Clinic at the University of California, Irvine. Sofia has devoted much of her career to international human rights mechanisms: she served as legal advisor to David Kaye, the Special UN Rapporteur on the right to freedom of opinion and expression and Agnes Callamard, the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial executions, summary or arbitrary, and as a human rights specialist for two Special Rapporteurs for Freedom of Expression of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. Prior to her position, she was the legal officer at Columbia University’s Global Freedom of Expression. Sofía has also worked and consulted for regional organizations in Latin America such Dejusticia, Civitas, the Foundation for Free Press (FLIP) and the Inter-American Press Association.

Sofia completed her initial legal degree in Colombia, at Rosario University, and earned an LLM from Columbia Law School in New York, where she was a Human Rights Fellow. Sofia graduated from Columbia with the academic recognition of Harlan Fiske Stone Scholar and a Certificate in International and Comparative Law.

Caroline James

Caroline James

Editor

Caroline James is a South African freedom of expression lawyer and recently completed her M.A. at Queen’s University in Canada. She has BA(Hons) and LLB degrees from the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa. Her research interests are in constitutional and human rights law – particularly the way in which power is held to account. Caroline previously worked as the freedom of expression lawyer at the Southern Africa Litigation Centre in Johannesburg where she worked with lawyers and organizations in southern Africa litigating and advocating for the right to freedom of expression and association. Caroline has also worked as a judge’s clerk at the South Gauteng High Court in Johannesburg.



Legal Researchers

Juan Manuel Ospina

Juan Manuel Ospina

Legal Researcher

Juan Manuel has a master’s degree in Journalism from Universidad de los Andes in Colombia, where he received his law degree as well. He has taught classes at the university level, and his first book, about public health in Colombia, is expected to be published in 2022. Juan Manuel was also Chief Editor at El Uniandino, a leading college newspaper from Bogotá.

Irene Parra Prieto

Irene Parra Prieto

Legal Researcher

Irene serves as part of the internal legal team for Global Freedom of Expression. Irene is currently working on her Master’s degree in Human Rights at the Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México (ITAM). She is part of the Communications Team for the International Society of Public Law (ICON-S). Since 2020, she has been the Editorial Coordinator of IberICONnect, Blog of the International Journal of Constitutional Law in Spanish. During her undergraduate studies, she worked as Chief Editor at El Supuesto, the university newspaper at ITAM.

Iyadh Abid

Iyadh Abid

Legal Researcher

Iyadh ABID is an independent Legal and Policy Consultant based in Tunis. He works on investment reforms, privacy issues and Justice sector reforms. Iyadh is a Fulbright alumnus holding a Master in Common Law from “Faculté des Sciences Juridiques, Politiques et Sociales de Tunis” and an LL.M. from Penn State Law. He formerly served as Adviser to the Minister of Development, Investment and International Cooperation and Adviser to the Minister of Industry and Trade in Tunisia, where he was involved in designing and implementing several legal and regulatory reforms. Iyadh previously worked with national and international NGOs and was Director of Africa Programs with PennState Law from 2018 to 2020. He is the co-founder of NGO LEAD Tunisia and instigator of the Penn State Law scholarship program for Tunisian law graduates.

Mohit Agarwal

Mohit Agarwal

Legal Researcher

Mohit Agarwal is a final year law student at Gujarat National Law University, India and the Senior Editor of the University’s Journal of Law and Economics. His current research focuses on platform and digital market regulation and its intersection with content moderation. He was the first Indian undergraduate student to have his work published by Concurrences, a leading antitrust publishing firm and is an alumna of Herbert Smith Freehills Competition Law Moot.

During his time at law school, he interned with a varied set of prestigious firms and institutions, including Human Rights Law Network where he assisted Senior Advocate Gayatri Singh in a dispute involving a governmental housing and developmental scheme. He is also a Teaching Assistant at his University where he takes great pleasure in mentoring his junior peers.

Mohammad Almoghabat

Mohammad Almoghabat

Legal Researcher

Mohammad Almoghabat is currently the Outreach and Development Manager at HuMENA for Human Rights and Civic Engagement and doing a Ph.D. in International Constitutional Law at the Vrije Universiteit Brussels, with a former LL.M in International and European Law from the same university and a BA in Law from Beirut Arab University. He is a National Consultant for UNDP-Lebanon and a Legal Consultant on several legal issues specifically; contract & corporate law and human resources policies, providing support on the international protection of human rights and UPR mechanism, drafting project proposals and a certified trainer on Digital Security.

He is a specialized consultant on Access to Information in a number of MENA region countries; recently published a comprehensive legal study on ATI in Lebanon for Transparency International and the Lebanese Transparency Association. He also has a number of publications in international journals including the definition of torture in international law and on the just-war theory, also another study measuring the commitment of the Lebanese government to the ATI Law with Gherbal Initiative.

Jihene Arbi

Jihene Arbi

Legal Researcher

Jihene Arbi is a Tunisian lawyer, member of the Tunisian Bar since 2016. She is a trainer in the PARJ project for Justice Sector Reform in Tunisia, and has experience in human rights advocacy and gender policies. She has received the Special Mention Award in the “Memorial of Caen” on the occasion of her plea on gender and equality. As a lawyer, Jihen has litigation experience in criminal and civil law cases with a particular interest in domestic courts application of International law standards”.

Ana Dangova Hug

Ana Dangova Hug

Legal Researcher

Lawyer, Law firm INTER PARTES Skopje, Macedonia

Ana Dangova Hug is a lawyer practicing at the Law firm INTER PARTES Skopje, specialising in international human rights law, criminal law and litigation. Before that she worked for the Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF), the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights and the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. She holds a Master in International Studies, with specialization in international law from the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva.

Ms. Dangova Hug has acted as a counsel in numerous human rights challenges involving the right to freedom of expression before the national courts. She is a Trainer for the Macedonian Academy for Judges and Public Prosecutors.

Together with the Danish Institute of Human Rights, she led the preparation of the first national guide on Human Rights and Business in Macedonia, and contributed to publications of various organizations, including DCAF, Kluwer Law International and the World Bank.

 

Giovanni De Gregorio

Giovanni De Gregorio

Legal Researcher

Giovanni De Gregorio is postdoctoral researcher working with the Programme in Comparative Media Law and Policy at the Centre for Socio-Legal Studies at the University of Oxford.
His research focuses on digital constitutionalism, platform governance and digital policy.

Prannv Dhawan

Prannv Dhawan

Legal Researcher

Prannv Dhawan is a penultimate-year undergraduate student at the National Law School of India University, Bengaluru. He co-founded the Law School Policy Review which is an open-access platform for critical analysis of principal social, political and legal issues. He is an editor of the National Law School of India Review. He has also served as an editor of the Indian Journal of International Economic Law and the University of Bologna Law Review in the past. In addition to leading  the Law and Society Committee in his law school, he is a part of the various research projects and academic initiatives. Previously, he has interned with Senior Advocate Shyam Divan and Senior Advocate Colin Gonsalves at the Supreme Court of India. He has also assisted Senior Advocate Indira Jaising with drafting a critical comment on the Draft Press Registration Bill, 2019 which was submitted to the Union Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. He has also written a number of articles and blogs on constitutional law, gender justice, foreign policy and human rights.

Hülya Dinçer

Hülya Dinçer

Legal Researcher

Human Rights Lawyer and Post-doctoral researcher at Institut of Political Sciences of Ecole Normal Supérieure Paris-Saclay, France

Hülya Dinçer is a human rights lawyer and scholar based in Turkey. She holds a master degree from Paris Panthéon Sorbonne University and a Ph.D in human rights law from Galatasaray University. Her dissertation focuses on the legal construction of the right to truth in national and international human rights regimes.  She worked at Human Rights Department of Marmara University between 2011 and 2017 as a teaching and research assistant. She is currently a post-doctoral researcher at Institut of Political Sciences of Ecole Normal Supérieure Paris-Saclay in France.

She has collaborated with and written legal analysis for the NGO’s in Turkey such as Center of Memory, Truth and Justice, Heinrich Böll-Stiftung.  She has also conducted research at CELS, an Argentine NGO based in Buenos Aires during her stay between 2013-2014 as a visiting researcher. Her research focuses on transitional justice, collective memory, the right to truth and freedom of expression.

Anderson Javiel Dirocie De León

Anderson Javiel Dirocie De León

Legal Researcher

Anderson Javiel Dirocie De León is a Dominican lawyer specialized in Public International Law, Human Rights and International Criminal Law. He works at the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights as the recipient of the 2021-2022 Fellowship at the Rapporteurship on the Rights of LGBTI Persons. In 2017, he graduated with a Bachelor of Laws (Summa Cum Laude) from the Pontificia Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra in the Dominican Republic and, in 2018, with a Master of Laws in Advanced Studies in Public International Law from Leiden University, in The Netherlands. Prior to his current position, he served as full-time Legal Researcher for Columbia University’s Global Freedom of Expression as well as Secretary-General of the Dominican chapter of the Latin-American Council for International and Comparative Law Scholars (COLADIC-RD) for the 2020-2021 Board of Directors. Formerly, he was a Visiting Professional at the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and a Legal Intern at the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia as well as for the Office of Public Counsel for Victims and Chambers, both at the International Criminal Court. Prior to that, he worked for two years in the Office of the President of the Superior Electoral Court of the Dominican Republic.

In addition to COLADIC-RD, he is a member of the Bar Association of the Dominican Republic, the American Society of International Law and the Association Internationale De Droit Pénal (AIDP-IAPL) and has served as a volunteer of the United Nations Association of the Dominican Republic since 2012. In 2016, he became the first Latin-American to be elected Student President of the International Law Students Association (ILSA), the organization responsible for administering the Philip C. Jessup International Moot Court Competition. He is fluent in Spanish, English and French.

Mohamed Farahat

Mohamed Farahat

Legal Researcher

Mohamed Farahat is an Egyptian lawyer. He is a human rights lawyer, legal trainer and legal and political researcher. He joined Egyptian Foundation for Refugees Rights (EFRR) in 2014, first as Access to Justice team leader than as Coordinator of EFRR’s legal aid project with UNHCR, currently as programs director. He has held his current position since March 2015. In addition, Mr. Farahat joined African Civil Society on Information Society (ACSIS) since November 2017 as a member and National coordinator (ACSIS-Egypt). Prior to joining EFRR, he worked for Africa and Middle East Refugee Assistance (AMERA-Egypt) as access to Justice team leader, he worked for the International Commission for Jurists (ICJ) as a legal researcher.

Mr. Farahat hold a BA degree in Law from Cairo University, he obtained a post graduate diploma in Human Rights and civil society, post graduate diploma in International Negotiation, post graduate diploma in African Studies, and post graduate diploma in International law. Currently Mr. Farahat is a Master’s degree researcher at the Faculty of High African Studies-Cairo University.

Mr. Farahat has some published articles related to refugees; in addition, he organized and was guest speaker in workshops related to Refugees’ digital rights.

Mr. Farahat is a member of the Steering Committee of Internet Rights and Principles Coalition (IRPC) Internet Society (ISOC), individual member of ICANN’s Non-Commercial Stakeholder Group (NCSG). Recently Mr. Farahat was selected as a MAG member at North Africa IGF.

Mr. Farahat is Alumni of Middle East and Adjoining Countries School in Internet Governance (MAGSIG 2018), North Africa School in Internet Governance (NASIG 2019) and participated at many IG meetings such as the Global IGF 2017 and 2018 as speaker and workshop organizer, African IGF2017. Recently he organized a workshop during the Digital Rights and Inclusion forum 2019.

Ilaria Fevola

Ilaria Fevola

Legal Researcher

Ilaria Fevola is currently working for the Italian NGO Ossigeno per l’Informazione, an independent observatory that monitors threats to freedom of expression, attacks to journalists and news overshadowed by violence in Italy.

Recently, she worked as legal intern at London-based MLDI (Media Legal Defence Initiative), where she supported the organization in providing legal defence to journalists and bloggers before international and regional courts. Previously, Ms. Fevola interned at UNESCO Headquarters in Paris in the Communication and Information sector, division of Freedom of Expression and Media Development. She mainly worked on events and projects implementing the UN Plan of Action for the Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity. She had also worked as legal researcher at WAN-IFRA (World Association of Newspapers and News Publishers), focusing extensively on the balance between freedom of expression and privacy, the right to be forgotten and press freedom-related issues.

Ms. Fevola holds a master degree in Law from the University of Torino (Italy), with a master thesis on the issue of extraterritoriality and the jurisdictional challenges in the age of the Internet under public international and EU law. She has a particular interest in media law and human rights matters with a focus on international organizations. She has had the occasion of specialising in such domain by studying at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), the Harvard Law School and the University of Pretoria, South Africa. She is also member of the Journalists’ Safety Research Network hosted by the Centre for Freedom of the Media (CFOM) at the University of Sheffield (UK) and supported by UNESCO.

Mostafa Fouad

Mostafa Fouad

Legal Researcher

Mostafa is an Egyptian Human Rights Lawyer.

Also, he is a political and legal researcher and has many published researches (the Egyptian protesting law, media law, the interference of executive authorities in legislation, the execution law…), in addition to several studies on hate speech and racism.

Mostafa has run multiple positions in civil society with 10 years of experience in MENA region, and now he is the Deputy Director of HuMENA for Human Rights and Civic Engagement.

He is also a founding member of “Innovation For Change MENA-Hub”, and a Board member of “MENA Network for Countering Hate Speech”.

Ritika Goyal

Ritika Goyal

Legal Researcher

Ritika Goyal is a law student at National University of Study and Research in Law (NUSRL), Ranchi, India. Her research interests center around international human rights law, criminal justice system and public policy. As a research assistant to Ms. Maja Daruwala, she has worked extensively on police and prison reforms. Previously, she has interned with leading Indian think tanks and international research organisations, that includes Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative (CHRI), Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy and Project 39A. She has contributed to the literature by publishing articles on varied areas at well known national and international platforms. She has also served as a research assistant to Prof. Dr. Manoj Kumar Sinha and Prof. Dipika Jain, and assisted them on multiple projects including CEDAW and women’s rights. At Columbia, she mainly looks at the cases concerning fake news and police misadministration.

Olga Grygorovska

Olga Grygorovska

Legal Researcher

Olga is a lawyer working for Media Defence, a London-based organisation taking press freedom cases before international bodies, regional courts, and the highest domestic courts across the world. Before that Olga spent four years working as a lawyer at the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg. She holds an LLM degree in Human Rights Law from the Queen Mary University of London. She has worked for the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).  

She is also a judge at the Oxford University Monroe E.Price Media Law Moot Court Competition and conducted a training on Journalism in the Digital Age for young journalists in the M100 Young European Journalists Workshop, which is part of the renowned annual international media conference M100 Sanssouci Colloquium taking place annually in Berlin.  

Olga is an alumna of the Oxford Internet Institute Leadership Academy and served as a member of the Council of Europe Working Group on the development of an online teaching course on cybercrime. She has been drafting reports on international law for the Oxford University Press since 2016.

Emily Ho

Emily Ho

Legal Researcher

Emily Ho recently graduated with a triple first-class degree in Law from the University of Cambridge. Her dissertation focused on discrimination law and the interaction of Articles 10 and 12 of the European Convention on Human Rights (freedom of expression and freedom of religion) with equality rights in a liberal society. During her time at Cambridge, she was an associate editor for the Cambridge Law Review, a contributing writer for the Human Rights Law Society, and a research panelist for the UN High Commissioner for Refugees. She also achieved various awards for academic excellence, including the De Hart Prize in Law.

This academic year she will be training to be a barrister in the UK. In August 2021, she will enroll in the LLM programme at Harvard Law School.

 

Hatim Hussain

Hatim Hussain

Legal Researcher

Hatim Hussain is a lawyer, currently pursuing Masters at Tsinghua University, China as a Schwarzman Scholar and on track for the completion of post graduate studies in Law at the University of Oxford on the Rhodes Scholarship.

He has previously worked in various capacities with leading research institutions, including most recently with University of Cambridge’s Centre for Alternative Finance where his role focuses on regulatory sequencing in relation to development of an automated regulatory intelligence platform as well as authoring reports in the domains of law, finance and technology. In the past, Hatim has also served as a judicial intern with Justice Dr. D. Y. Chandrachud at the Supreme Court of India.

His main focus lies at the intersection of technology and human rights.

Matías Jackson

Matías Jackson

Legal Researcher

Matías is a lawyer from Montevideo, Uruguay. He graduated from the University of the Republic in 2012 where he also obtained a Postgraduate Diploma in Information Systems and IT Management. In 2020, he obtained his Master of Laws (LL.M.) in Intellectual Property with the Highest Honors from The George Washington University thanks to a Fulbright Scholarship.

Currently, Matías works as a legal consultant for national and international organizations in digital rights, telecommunications regulation, and governance. He is a Computer Law lecturer at the University of the Republic and has experience working as a technology policy analyst for the government and NGOs. 

Samira Mathias

Samira Mathias

Legal Researcher

Samira Mathias graduated from Gujarat National Law University in 2020, and is presently reading for the Bachelor of Civil Law at the University of Oxford (class of 2021) with a focus on international law and armed conflict, constitutional theory, jurisprudence and human rights. 
She was part of the 2018 winning team of the Red Cross IHL Moot, and is an alumna of both the Jessup Moot Court Competition (2020) and the Oxford Price Media Moot Court Competition (2021) which strongly piqued her interest in freedom of expression issues. Her areas of interest include transitional justice and public international law, which she had the chance to work on during internships at the United Nations International Law Commission (Switzerland) and the South Asian Centre for Legal Studies (Sri Lanka).

Raghav Mendiratta

Raghav Mendiratta

Legal Researcher

Raghav Mendiratta is a student of Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Punjab pursuing B.A.LLB (Hons.). At the University, he is the Convener of the Centre for Advanced Studies in Criminal Law and also heads the Debate Society. He has participated in various International moot court and debate competitions. He was an Oralist at the 11th Price Media Moot Court Competition (South Asia) where his team emerged the Winner and also won the Best Memorial Award. Previously, he has interned under Supreme Court Justice U.U. Lalit, former Additional Solicitor General of India Mr. Sidharth Luthra and with other human rights organizations.

Celine Merhej

Celine Merhej

Legal Researcher

Celine Merhej is a researcher and analyst specialized in supporting democratic governance reforms, with a focus on anti-corruption, transparency, and the rule of law. A native of Lebanon, Ms. Merhej is currently managing a project related to transparency in the public sector at Gherbal Initiative. She holds a Bachelor of Sciences in Economics from Notre-Dame University. Ms. Merhej has had previous experience with UNDP’s regional anti-corruption project in the Arab states specifically in Lebanon, Tunisia, Jordan, Morocco, and Iraq, as well as an International observer for the Carter Center in the Tunisian Presidential Elections in 2019. Ms. Merhej is also a certified facilitator by the British Council, and is fluent in Arabic, English, and French.

Nancy Nahouly

Nancy Nahouly

Legal Researcher

Nancy Nahouly is a Lebanese lawyer, Member of the Beirut Bar Association since 2009.

Certified mediator & ADR specialist. She is also a Legal consultant for several international human rights organizations including UNICEF, the International Rescue Committee and Intersos. Also, a contributor to several Human rights studies in Lebanon.

 

Solomon Okedara

Solomon Okedara

Legal Researcher

Barrister and Solicitor of the Supreme Court of Nigeria

Solomon Okedara, Barrister and Solicitor of the Supreme Court of Nigeria, is a practicing legal practitioner and Researcher with over ten (10) years post-call experience and outstanding expertise in Human Rights (with a special bias for Freedom of Expression & Digital Rights), Intellectual Property, International Business and International Law, having an unusual knack for excellence and matchless clients’ satisfaction with a view to delivering maximal results. Armed with a peerless ability in creative legal research and analysis, delivering impressive results in review of laws, legal principles and standards. Solomon is a partner at Solomon Okedara & CO (a firm of Barristers and Solicitors) and founded Expression Now (an organization committed essentially to defence of digital rights).

Solomon is a strategic litigation lawyer with a robust interest and proven expertise in Freedom of Expression, Digital Rights, Cybercrimes and Human Rights litigation. He is a 2016 Short Term Research Fellowship Recipient of International Center for Not for profit Law (ICNL), Washington DC. Solomon was a Finalist at the 2018 Global Freedom of Expression Prize of Columbia University in the city of New York.

Solomon obtained LLB from Olabisi Onabanjo University, Nigeria, Certificate in Private International Law, Hague Academy of International Law, the Netherlands and Certificate in Summer Program in International Development and Environment of Washington College of Law, American University, Washington DC. He is a Case Writer/Researcher for Global Freedom of Expression project of Columbia University in the City of New York.

 

Carolina Paulesu

Carolina Paulesu

Legal Researcher

Legal Clerk, Civil Court of Appeal of Milan

Carolina is a Legal Clerk at the Civil Court of Appeal of Milan, where she deals with a number of different private law cases. This experience will allow her to access both the bar exam and the judicial exam. She holds a Master’s Degree in Law obtained summa cum laude from the University of Milan and a Master of Laws (LL.M.) from the London School of Economics. She wrote her LL.M. dissertation on the interaction between Artificial Intelligence and consumer protection, claiming AI may be used by consumers to strengthen their contractual position and achieve social justice in contract law. In September 2021, she will start a PhD at the European University Institute (EUI) further investigating the same topic.

Igor Popović

Igor Popović

Legal Researcher

Teaching and research assistant at the Banjaluka University, Faculty of Law (Bosnia and Herzegovina)

Igor is a senior teaching and research assistant at the Banjaluka University, Faculty of Law (Bosnia and Herzegovina), where he obtained his LL.B as the best student in the generation. He holds LL.M. from the University of Belgrade and he is a Ph.D. candidate at the same university (researching on freedom of expression and the Internet). Igor passed the exam with distinction at the Summer school on European Integration, European Forum Alpbach in 2013, and the bar exam in 2020.

 

During his studies, he was awarded various local and international scholarships, including the Full Scholarship of the European Forum Alpbach (2013) and the Chevening Scholarship for Oxford Magister Juris graduate course in 2020/2021, which he declined due to the pandemic. Igor participated in various conferences, summer schools, and projects in the country and abroad.

 

As a supervisor at the Centre for Public Speaking “Institutio Oratoria”, Igor teaches students on public speaking and coaches students of the faculty’s moot-court team for human rights competitions. In 2018 he co-founded the Human Rights Week at the faculty and collaborates with international organizations and NGOs such as the Council of Europe and the OSCE Mission in B&H, being a member of the OSCE roster of local experts on ECHR. 

 

Igor acted as an adviser or a counsel in several cases before local courts related to human rights and constitutional law. The main areas of his research are human rights, ECHR, and international (public and private) law. 

Darius Ruff

Darius Ruff

Legal Researcher

Darius Ruff is a final-year law student at the Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Germany, and majors in international, transnational and European law. In addition, he studies Business and Economic Law, striving for a LL.M. degree. His international experience includes a foreign semester in Chongqing, China, promoted with a grant by the German Academic Exchange Service and a participation in an international moot court programme on international investment arbitration. Furthermore, he works as a research assistant for a study program on international economic law. Overall, he is an avid learner in contemporary political, economic, legal and societal issues.

For Global Freedom of Expression, Darius researches on decisions of German-speaking courts with a focus on constitutional jurisprudence.

Marco A. Sabino

Marco A. Sabino

Legal Researcher

Dr. Marco A. Sabino is a researcher who provides legal analysis of Freedom of Expression in Brazil and South America. He is partner of Mannrich and Vaconcelos Lawfirm where he is Head of Media and Internet Area. He worked as an executive for Globo TV, one of the America’s biggest broadcasters, in the advertising area. He holds a Ph.D. in Litigation from the University of São Paulo, School of Law. His dissertation – a study of the judicial intervention on public health – was awarded as the best dissertation of 2015 by the University São Paulo. He holds a Post-Doctorate in Democracy and Human Rights at University of Coimbra, Portugal, and his dissertation was a study on the spectrum of freedom of expression on commercial advertising. He was Academic Visitor at the Centre For Social-Legal Studies of Oxford University, United Kingdom, and studied the right to be forgotten. He is a lawyer with 18 years experience, professor of Ethics, Law, Corporate Governance and Media and Internet. He was member of the Board of Brazilian Self-Regulatory Advertising Council. He is researcher of ILD, Digital Freedom Institute. Additionally, he has earned post-graduate certificates in Civil Procedure and Litigation (Catholic Law School, São Paulo), Civil and Commercial Law (Autonomous Law School of São Paulo) and Teaching (University Anhembi-Morumbi).

Marija Šajkaš

Marija Šajkaš

Researcher

Marija Šajkaš (pronounced as Maria Shay-kash) is a U.S. based writer, media expert and political analyst, and founder of 4 Better Media. Her most recent appearances and projects include work for the Freedom of the Press, Freedom House (2017), High-Level OSCE Chairmanship Conference “Freedom of the Media in the Western Balkans” in co-operation with the OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media (2017), Mayor’s Office of immigrant Affairs in New York City (2016), Global Freedom of Expression Initiative at Columbia University (2016), CORO– Immigrant Civic Leadership Program (2015) and Association of Media in Bosnia (2015). 

Before that, Mrs. Šajkaš was the Head of Development and Operations for Media Diversity Institute –USA, a Press Officer for The International Committee of the Red Cross, and a Deputy-Editor-in-Chief of The Bridges Magazine, the first media outlet distributed in post-war Bosnia, produced by the United Nations, SFOR Forces.

She holds an M.S. in International Affairs, with a concentration in Culture and Media Studies, from The New School University in New York, and a BS in Serbian Language and Literature from the University of Belgrade. Marija Šajkaš is the author of the novel Esther Jovanovich’s Scrapbook (Klett, 2013) and co-author of the TV documentary “Missing- the Right to Know”. (2003)

Sanskriti Sanghi

Sanskriti Sanghi

Legal Researcher

Lecturer of Jurisprudence at the Jindal Global Law School, India

Sanskriti Sanghi is an alumna of the University of Cambridge, where she read for her Master of Law with a specialisation in International Law. She graduated from Cambridge in 2020 with First Class Honours and as a recipient of the Jennings Prize (Wolfson College). Prior to pursuing her graduate studies at Cambridge, Sanskriti was an undergraduate student at the Gujarat National Law University (GNLU) in India where she was an Aditya Birla Scholar, and from which she graduated in 2019 as a recipient of 8 gold medals. During her time at these institutions, Sanskriti interned with well-renowned firms and organizations in India and abroad, and had her academic work published in reputed national and international journals and blogs. Presently, she is a lecturer of Jurisprudence at the Jindal Global Law School (JGLS) as well as a co-leader for the Digital Constitutionalism research cycle at the Institute for Internet and the Just Society.

Sarah Sheikh Ali

Sarah Sheikh Ali

Legal Researcher

Sarah is the co-founder and director of HuMENA for Human Rights and Civic Engagement.

She holds a Master’s degree in Political Sciences and International Relations with a concentration in International organizations and non-governmental organizations management, and a diploma in International Human Rights Law from the International Institute of Human Rights (Fondation René Cassin), Strasbourg.

Sarah has an intensive experience in CSO development, advocacy, gender, transitional justice, and democratization sector.

She held different programmatic positions with increasing responsibilities in local, regional, and international NGOs in the Middle East.

In 2018 she was selected for the top 10 list of the “Arab Youth Humanitarian Activism Award”.

Sanjana Srikumar

Sanjana Srikumar

Legal Researcher

Delhi-based advocate in the chambers of Mr. Sanjay Parikh, Vice President of the People’s Union for Civil Liberties

Sanjana Srikumar is a Delhi-based advocate in the chambers of Mr. Sanjay Parikh, Vice President of the People’s Union for Civil Liberties. Her work focuses on litigation in the areas of human rights, civil liberties and environment law, primarily at the Supreme Court of India.

Sanjana graduated with a B.A. LL.B. (Hons.) from National Law University, Jodhpur in 2017. Sanjana is also an alum of the Price Media Law Moot Court Competition (2014-2015) as well as the Annenberg-Oxford Media Policy Summer Institute 2017.

After graduation, she worked briefly as a Research Fellow at Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy, working on strategic litigation and policy research on the right to education, health and environment.

 

Aleksandar Stevanović

Aleksandar Stevanović

Legal Researcher

Aleksandar Stevanović LL.M, lawyer and Research Associate at the Institute of Criminological and Sociological Research in Belgrade, Serbia

Aleksandar Stevanović LL.M is a lawyer (attorney at law) and Research Associate at the Institute of Criminological and Sociological Research in Belgrade, Serbia, currently participating in the various projects related to anti-corruption mechanisms in the country and abroad. He has obtained LL.M. from the University of Belgrade where he is a Ph.D. candidate. He has attended Comparative Law study program at the University of Salzburg, Austria and has conducted study visit to Italian anti-corruption institutions as a member of OSCE mission in Serbia delegation. During his professional career he has published more than 30 scientific papers in the country and abroad, and co-edited several scientific monographs and has been dealing with a number of different private law and criminal law cases related to freedom of expression, defamation, slander, whistleblowing, SLAPP etc. His research focuses on whistleblowing and legal aspects of investigative journalism as a tools for combating corruption, freedom of expression within employment relationship, discrimination, legal aspects of political speech and lobbyng, and ECHR jurisprudence related to freedom of expression. Aleksandar is an alumni of the Price Media Law Moot Court Competition (2017, Oxford).

Giorgi Sulkhanishvili

Giorgi Sulkhanishvili

Chief Adviser in the Department of Legal Provision and Research, Constitutional Court of Georgia

Giorgi Sulkhanishvili is a Chief Adviser in the Department of Legal Provision and Research at the Constitutional Court of Georgia, where he mainly works on legal issues of the pending cases, performs legal research, provides the judges of the Constitutional Court with legal advice and drafts the judgments of the Court.

Giorgi is a co-founder of the “Law and Innovation Research Center (LIRC)” – an NGO, which focuses on two main research areas: 1. Law and Technologies; 2. Approximation of the EU-Georgia association agreement. In different periods, Giorgi was a visiting lecturer of the constitutional and human rights law at two Georgian universities (Ilia State University and Grigol Robakidze University).

Giorgi holds master’s degrees (LLM) in Comparative Constitutional Law from the Central European University (Budapest) and in Private Law from Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University. Giorgi also studied EU law and economics at Riga Graduate School of Law (Latvia). Giorgi is a Ph.D. candidate at Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University. The right to privacy and the police searches and seizures are at the center of his research interests.

With his native Georgian, Giorgi speaks fluent English and Russian.

Dushyant Thakur

Dushyant Thakur

Legal Researcher

Mr. Dushyant Thakur is a final-year undergraduate student of Law and Commerce at Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar, India [GNLU]. He has worked on various areas of law and interned some of the best law firms and think tanks in India. He is also actively involved in pro-bono activities and was awarded the Pro-Bono Award by GNLU in recognition for the same. He has been published by various national and international journals, magazines and blogs. Currently, he is also a senior editor of the GNLU Law Review [TGLR].

Akshita Tiwary

Akshita Tiwary

Legal Researcher

Akshita Tiwary is an undergraduate student at Government Law College, Mumbai, India. She is interested in public international law, international relations and human rights, and hopes to pursue these subjects as part of her higher studies. An enthusiastic public speaker, Akshita has judged and won awards at several Model United Nations conferences. As the Secretary of the Moot Court Association, she has been an active participant in Moot Court Competitions, most notably the Oxford Price Media Law Moot Court Competition, 2019. 
Currently, Akshita serves as the Managing Editor for the Commentary section of JURIST, an online legal news and commentary website run by the University of Pittsburgh, USA. She has many renowned publications to her name, including those on forums like the University of Pennsylvania’s the Roundtable, the Berkeley Journal of International Law and the Fletcher Forum of World Affairs. A dedicated student, Akshita’s future aspiration is to work at the United Nations to further the cause of global peace and human rights.

Atmaja Tripathy

Atmaja Tripathy

Legal Researcher

Atmaja is an advocate enrolled with Bar Council of India. Her practice is focused on technology, media and telecom laws, intellectual property laws, competition law and other corporate and civil laws.

Atmaja graduated with BBA.LL. B from Symbiosis Law School, Pune in 2018. During law school, she pursued diploma degrees in media law and competition law. At law school, she has won multiple scholarships for academic excellence in subjects such as constitutional law, evidence law and was awarded the Director’s Award for Best Outgoing Girl Student in the graduating batch. Her interests in technology, media, and telecommunication laws, and constitutional law have led her to pursue prestigious moots and essay competitions, like the Oxford Monroe E Price Media Moot Court Competition, 2015. Atmaja has authored articles on contemporary legal issues in reputed journals including the European Competition Law Review, Kluwer Business Law Journal, and BRICS Law Journal. She frequently writes on cutting-edge technology and the intersection/ overlap with free speech, intellectual property rights, and competitive markets. Her interest in academia has led her to deliver lectures on intermediary liability at leading Indian law schools including National Law University, New Delhi, Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai and National Law School of India University, Bengaluru. In February 2022, Atmaja was recognized as one of the youngest Future Legal Leaders by the India Business Law Journal.

Jennifer Veloz

Jennifer Veloz

Legal Researcher

Jennifer Veloz is a Dominican lawyer, member of the Dominican Bar Association since 2015. She holds a Bachelor of Laws (LLB) with summa cum laude honors and a Masters in International Relations (MA) with merits from Middlesex University in London, England. Jennifer Veloz is an alumna of both the Iberoamerican human rights moot court competition “Francisco Suárez, S.J.” celebrated in Bogota, Colombia (2013) and the Inter-American Human Rights Moot Court Competition from American University in Washington, D.C. (2015). She practiced law at different firms, including “Estrella & Tupete” and “JM Cabral & Baez,” specializing in international human rights law, business, and litigation. She worked for the Committee on Enforced Disappearances (CED) and the Petitions Unit at the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (UN Human Rights) in Geneva, Switzerland. She worked as a legal researcher for Columbia Global Freedom of Expression and currently lives in Toronto, Canada.

Valentina Vera Quiroz

Valentina Vera Quiroz

Legal Researcher

Valentina Vera Quiroz is a legal researcher for Global Freedom of Expression at Columbia University. She holds a Bachelor of Laws (LLB), and a Minor in Government and Public Affairs from University of Los Andes, Colombia. During Law School, she worked as a teaching undergraduate assistant for Public International Law and Statistics for the Social Sciences, and she was member of the University’s Legal Aid Clinic where she worked as legal advisor of victims of the armed conflict in Colombia. Valentina participated at Jessup International Law Moot Court Competition, in Washington D.C., where she was awarded as best oralist as well as the best team of the international exhibition rounds.

She has worked as researcher in the compliance practice in Latin America with research on national and international standards. Valentina currently serves as the coordinator of the Latin American Chapter of the Columbia Global Freedom of Expression Initiative at the University of Los Andes, and she coordinates the master’s program in International Law at said University.

Her areas of interest include Public International Law, International Law of Human Rights, Comparative and Constitutional Law.

Sofia Verza

Sofia Verza

Former Visting Scholar, Columbia Global Freedom of Expression

PhD candidate, Department of Political Science, University of Perugia, Italy

Sofia is a PhD candidate at the University of Perugia, Department of Political Science: her research explores the relationship between anti-terror laws and media systems. She holds a master degree in Law from the University of Trento (Italy), with a master thesis on the national security-related limitations to free expression in Italy and Turkey.

She collaborated with the Italian think tank Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso Transeuropa (OBCT) in the realm of the ECPMF project (European Centre for Press and Media Pluralism).

She studied in Istanbul at Bilgi and Yeditepe University, specializing in the field of criminal and media law. In Istanbul, she worked for the IKV Foundation (Economic Development Foundation), which focuses on Turkish-European relations, researching in the field of freedom of expression.