Global Freedom of Expression

Petitioner v. Secretaria de la Defensa Nacional (Information on Social and Political Movements)

Closed Expands Expression

Key Details

  • Mode of Expression
    Public Documents
  • Date of Decision
    September 5, 2007
  • Outcome
    Decision Outcome (Disposition/Ruling), Access to Information Granted
  • Case Number
  • Region & Country
    Mexico, Latin-America and Caribbean
  • Judicial Body
    Specialized Court/Tribunal
  • Type of Law
    Administrative Law
  • Themes
    Access to Public Information

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Case Analysis

Case Summary and Outcome

The Mexican Information Commission (Instituto General de Acceso a la Informacion Publica, or IFAI) held that the public prosecutor must properly disclose to Petitioner information on the number and status of preliminary investigations formerly conducted by the Special Prosecutor for Social & Political Movements of the Past.

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In May 2007, the Petitioner requested from the public prosecutor (Procuraduria General de la Republica, or PGR) a report on the “status of preliminary investigations formerly undertaken by the Special Prosecutor for Social & Political Movements of the Past” (FEMOSPP) including information on which investigations remained open and how many had been archived, and which offices and public officials were handling them.

The PGR refused to comply with the request alleging that the information was reserved under Articles 14(I) and (III) of the Federal Transparency and Access to Public Governmental Information Law (RTI Law) and Article 16 of the Federal Code of Criminal Procedure (FCCP), which allow disclosure only to the parties involved in criminal proceedings.

In a hearing held in July 2007, the PGR subsequently modified its initial stance and agreed to disclose information on the status of former FEMOSPP preliminary investigations including how many of them remained open, in which office each was located, who was assigned to each investigation and how many investigations had been archived. In August 2007, the PGR filed its response precisely outlining each of these items with IFAI.

Decision Overview

IFAI analysed the information furnished by the PGR and determined it was sufficient and adequately addressed all items included in the Petitioner’s request. IFAI noted, however, that the PGR furnished no evidence that this information had been actually handed over to Petitioner [p.11]. Therefore, it instructed the PGR to hand it over to Petitioner within 10 business days.

Decision Direction

Quick Info

Decision Direction indicates whether the decision expands or contracts expression based on an analysis of the case.

Expands Expression

The decision expands expression by affirming that the public prosecutor must hand over information on the number and status of preliminary investigations formerly conducted by the Special Prosecutor for Social & Political Movements of the Past.

Global Perspective

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Global Perspective demonstrates how the court’s decision was influenced by standards from one or many regions.

Table of Authorities

National standards, law or jurisprudence

Case Significance

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Case significance refers to how influential the case is and how its significance changes over time.

The decision establishes a binding or persuasive precedent within its jurisdiction.

Official Case Documents


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