Steven Shapiro served as the National Legal Director of the American Civil Liberties Union from 1993-2016. He currently teaches courses on civil liberties and civil rights at Columbia Law School and the NYU School of Law. He has also taught in recent years at Stanford Law School and Sciences Po in Paris. In addition, he is a member of the Policy Committee of Human Rights Watch and a former Board member of Human Rights First. Throughout his career, Shapiro has written and lectured extensively on a broad range of issues, including free expression.