Steve Shapiro has served as national legal director of the American Civil Liberties Union since 1993. The ACLU, which was founded in 1920, is the oldest and largest civil liberties organization in the United States. Mr. Shapiro supervises a staff of nearly 100 lawyers engaged in a broad range of civil liberties issues, including a dedicated group of lawyers working on issues relating to speech, privacy and technology. He also directly oversees the ACLU’s work in the United States Supreme Court, and has submitted more than 200 briefs to the Supreme Court on behalf of the ACLU. The ACLU is co-counsel in two free speech cases this year before the Supreme Court: one involves the right of presidential critics and supporters to equal treatment at presidential appearances; the other involves the right to protest outside U.S. military bases. Mr. Shapiro currently teaches a class at Columbia Law School entitled “Civil Liberties and the Response to Terrorism.” He has previously taught a class on free speech and the Internet. Finally, Mr. Shapiro is a frequent speaker and writer on civil liberties matters.